Čestmír Loukotka

Čestmír Loukotka (12 November 1895 – 13 April 1966) was a Czechoslovak linguist.[1] His daughter was Jarmila Loukotková.[2]

Čestmír Loukotka
Born12 November 1895
Died13 April 1966
ChildrenJarmila Loukotková
Academic background
InfluencesPaul Rivet
Academic work
Notable worksClassification of South American Indian languages (1968)


Loukotka proposed a classification for the languages of South America based on several previous works.[3] This classification contained a lot of unpublished material and was therefore superior to all previous classifications. He divided the languages of South America and the Caribbean into 77 different families, based upon similarities of vocabulary and available lists. His classification of 1985 is the most influential and was based upon two previous schemes (1935, 1944), which were similar to those proposed by Paul Rivet (whom he was a student of[4]), although the number of families was increased to 94 and 114.[5]


  1. ^ "KDO BYL KDO Čeští a slovenští orientalisté, afrikanisté a iberoamerikanisté / Who was who" (in Czech). Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Prosaistin Jarmila Loukotkova ist gestorben | Radio Prag". November 2007.
  3. ^ Rivet, Paul; Loukotka, Čestmír; Stresser-Pean, Guy (1952). Antoine, Meillet; Cohen, Marcel (eds.). Langues de l'Amérique du Sud et des Antilles. Les langues du monde (in French) (Second ed.). Paris: Champion. pp. 1009–1160.
  4. ^ Campbell, Lyle (2012). "Classification of the indigenous languages of South America". In Grondona, Verónica; Campbell, Lyle (eds.). The Indigenous Languages of South America. The World of Linguistics. 2. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 59–166. ISBN 978-3-11-025513-3.
  5. ^ Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Wilbert, Johannes (ed.). Classification of South American Indian Languages. Reference Series vol 7. 72. Reviewed by Robert L Carneiro in American Anthropologist Volume 72, Issue 3, 1970. Los Angeles: Latin American Center, University of California. pp. 686–688. doi:10.1525/aa.1970.72.3.02a00680. ISBN 9780879031077. 453 pp, map, tables, bibliography, ethnolinguistic index, author index