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BiographyEdit

Grøn was born in Oslo,[citation needed] and is a twin.[1] He took the cand. real. degree at the University of Oslo in 1973, majoring in meteorology. He followed up with the PhD degree in 1990 with a thesis on repulsive gravitation.[2] He started his academic career as a research assistant at the University of Oslo, and has also been a lecturer there. He was appointed as a professor at Oslo University College in 1994, having been an associate professor since 1985.[3] He has also been professor II at the University of Oslo since 1994.

Scientific contributionsEdit

Rotating reference framesEdit

Grøn has conducted research within the areas of general relativity, cosmology and classical electromagnetism. He has thrown new light on themes like the twin paradox,[4] the physics in a rotating reference system (Ehrenfest paradox)[5] and repulsive gravitation associated with vacuum energy.[6] Together with Erik Eriksen at the University of Oslo he has also studied properties of the electromagnetic field produced by accelerated electric charges. They have in particular shown how gravitation impacts such fields.[7] Grøn has also found new solutions to equations in Einstein's theory of gravity that describe time space where one can travel backwards in time.[8] In several studies Grøn has focused on relativistic models of the universe. He has, among other things, shown that it is possible to interpret observations from cosmos so that the concept of dark energy is unnecessary.[9]

Repulsive gravitationEdit

The relationship between gravitation and time and between gravitation and entropy are also themes where Grøn has contributed several journal articles.[10] He has also contributed to the Kaluza-Klein theory that represents a geometric and unified theory of electromagnetism and gravitation. According to this theory the world is five-dimensional with a compact spatial dimension so small that it is not observable directly. He has shown that the electric field around a charged particle is the projection of the relativistic inertial dragging field caused by the particle's movement around the fifth dimension in our four-dimensional spacetime.[11]

Radiation from accelerated chargesEdit

Grøn (together with Matthew Aadne) have found solutions to the field equations without a cosmological constant for empty space in the theory of gravitation developed by John Nash [12]. They correspond to the solutions of the field equations with a cosmological constant in the gravitational theory developed by Einstein. Since the physical interpretation of the cosmological constant is that it represents the density of dark energy, the solutions indicate that dark energy may be superfluous according to the Nash-theory. Grøn has written three books on the theory of relativity.[13][14][15]

Grøn is a member of the editorial board of Universe.[16] He is also known for his popular contributions, through the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, in popular articles and lectures, in books[3] as well as the encyclopedias Store norske leksikon and Norsk biografisk leksikon.

BibliographyEdit

  • Grøn, Øyvind; Næss, Arne (1998). Introduction to general relativity and its mathematics. HiO-rapport 1998. 14. Oslo: Høgskolen i Oslo. ISBN 978-82-579-0235-3.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "En jeger i kosmos". Forskning.no (in Norwegian). 5 February 2005. Retrieved 7 April 2009.
  2. ^ Repulsive gravitation, Dr. thesis at Universitetet of Oslo
  3. ^ a b "Ny professor ved ingeniørhøyskolen" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 11 May 1994.
  4. ^ Ø. Grøn, The twin paradox in the theory of relativity. Eur. J. Phys. 27, 885-889 (2006)
  5. ^ Ø. Grøn, Relativistic description of a rotating disk. Am. J. Phys. 43, 869-976 (1975)
  6. ^ Ø. Grøn, Repulsive gravitation, Dr. Thesis at University of Oslo, 1990
  7. ^ Eriksen and Ø. Grøn, Electrodynamics of hyperbolically accelerated charges V: The field of a charge in the Rindler space and the Milne space. Ann. Phys. 313, 147-196 (2004)
  8. ^ Ø. Grøn and S. Johannesen, Closed timelike geodesics in a gas of cosmic strings. New Journal of Physics (2008)
  9. ^ H. Alnes, M. Amarzguioui, An inhomogeneous alternative to dark energy? Phys. Rev. D 73 083519 (2006)
  10. ^ Ø. Grøn and S. Hervik, Gravitational entropy and quantum cosmology. Classical and Quantum Gravity 18, 601-918 (2001)
  11. ^ Ø. Grøn, Inertial dragging and Kaluza-Klein theory. Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 20, 2270-2274 (2005).
  12. ^ Matthew T. Aadne and Øyvind G. Grøn. Exact Solutions of the Field Equations for Empty Space in the Nash Gravitational Theory. Universe. 2017, 3, 10
  13. ^ Grøn, Øyvind; Hervik, Sigbjørn (2007). Einstein's General Theory of Relativity: With Modern Applications in Cosmology. Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-69199-2.
  14. ^ Grøn, Øyvind (2009). Lecture Notes on the General Theory of Relativity: From Newton's Attractive Gravity to the Repulsive Gravity of Vacuum Energy. Lecture Notes in Physics. 772. Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-88133-1.
  15. ^ Grøn, Øyvind; Næss, Arne (2011). Einstein's Theory: A Rigorous Introduction for the Mathematically Untrained. Springer. ISBN 978-1-4614-0705-8.
  16. ^ "Editorial Board of Universe". MDPI Publishing. 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-22.