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État second (French for Second State) refers to the state of mind into which some writers go when writing short stories. It mixes abstraction and concentration at the same time, ironically telling sometimes more facts than in conscious writing. The Argentine writer Julio Cortázar often used this method to write, as he called it "the moment of maximum creativity".[1]

Cultural referencesEdit

  • The French version of the American movie Fearless (1993) directed by Peter Weir was called État Second.[2]
  • The Argentinian online magazine L´Etat Second mag[3] also took its name from this term.


  1. ^ Ron, Alex (2006-07-09). "CORTAZAR O LA ANTI-FRONTERA". Retrieved 2011-02-06.
  2. ^ État second on IMDb
  3. ^ "L´Etat Second". Coroflot. Retrieved 25 March 2015.