Émile Oustalet

Jean-Frédéric Émile Oustalet (24 August 1844 – 23 October 1905 Saint-Cast) was a French zoologist.[1]

Reconstructing the dodo in the studio of Professor Oustalet, 1903

Oustalet was born at Montbéliard, in the department of Doubs. He studied at the Ecole des Hautes-Etudes and his first scientific work was on the respiratory organs of dragonfly larvae. He was employed at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, where he succeeded Jules Verreaux as assistant-naturalist in 1873. In 1900 he succeeded Alphonse Milne-Edwards as Professor of Mammalogy.[1]

French ornithologist Émile Oustalet described a specimen from Branco as a separate species Passer brancoensis in 1883,[2][3] which was recognised as the subspecies Passer iagoensis brancoensis by W. R. P. Bourne, who claimed to observe differences between Iago sparrows from different islands.[4]

He co-authored Les Oiseaux de la Chine (1877) with Armand David, and also wrote Les Oiseaux du Cambodge (1899).[1]

Oustalet was president of the third International Ornithological Congress held in Paris in 1900.

A species of Malagasy chameleon, Furcifer oustaleti, was named in his honor by François Mocquard in 1894.[5]

Selected writingsEdit

  • 1874 : Recherches sur les insectes fossiles des terrains tertiaires de la France, (Research of Tertiary insect fossils from France).
  • 1877 : with Armand David, Les Oiseaux de la Chine, (The Birds of China, two volumes).
  • 1878 : with Alphonse Milne-Edwards, Études sur les Mammifères et les Oiseaux des Îles Comores, (Studies on Mammals and Birds of the Comoro Islands).
  • 1880-1881 : Monographie des oiseaux de la famille des mégapodiidés, (Monograph of birds of the family Megapodiidae, two parts).
  • 1889 : Oiseaux dans le compte rendu de la mission scientifique du Cap Horn. 1882-1883, (Birds in the report of the scientific mission of Cape Horn. 1882–1883).
  • 1893 : La Protection des oiseaux, (The Protection of Birds) — reprinted in 1895 & re-edited in 1900.
  • 1895 : Les Mammifères et les Oiseaux des îles Mariannes, (Mammals and Birds of the Mariana Islands, two parts).
  • 1899 : Oiseaux du Cambodge, du Laos, de l'Annam et du Tonkin, (Birds of Cambodia, Laos, Annam and Tonkin).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Hellmayr CE (1906). "Emile Oustalet [obituary]". Ornithologische Monatsberichte 14 (4): 57-59. Scan.
  2. ^ Summers-Smith 1988, pp. 93–95
  3. ^ "Description et Énumération des Espèces". Actes de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux (in French). 38. 1883.
  4. ^ Bourne WRP (1955). "The Birds of the Cape Verde Islands". Ibis. 97 (3): 508–556. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.1955.tb04981.x.
  5. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ("Oustalet", p. 198).