École militaire interarmes

The Combined Arms School or Joint military school, known as École Militaire Interarmes or EMIA, is a military school of the French Army intended to train officers who have risen from the ranks. It was founded in 1942 and based in a rural location, Coëtquidan (Morbihan) along with Saint-Cyr military school.

Combined Arms School
École Militaire Interarmes
Combined Arms School insignia
Active1942 - 1961
BranchFrench Army
RoleArmy Officer Training
SizeTwo brigade (subject to review)
Part ofArmy Recruiting and Training Division
Garrison/HQCamp de Coëtquidan
Motto(s)'Le travail pour loi,
l'honneur comme guide

"Work for law, honor as a guide"
MarchSarie Marès
WebsiteOfficial website
Major General Antoine Windeck



The EMIA is the heir of various military branch (i.e. infantry, cavalry and artillery) schools dating from the early 19th century and intended to train army officers promoted from the enlisted ranks (militaires du rang), from non-commissioned officers (sous-officiers) or from the reserves (anciens officiers de réserve).

The largest of these army branch schools was the infantry school of Saint-Maixent, which was merged with Saint-Cyr in 1942. The merged academies formed the School of Cherchell-Mediouna, created after the German occupation of the Southern Zone of France. In 1944 the Military Academy at Cherchell took the name of "Joint Military Academy." It moved to Coëtquidan, occupying the buildings of the former Academy of Saint-Cyr. These were subsequently destroyed by bombing.

The new school was reopened in 1947, taking the name of the "Joint Special Military School". Following the principles of amalgamation favoured by its founder, General de Lattre de Tassigny, the school comprised both "direct" officer-cadets entering from civilian life and chosen through external competition; and "semi-direct" officer-cadets selected from serving military personnel.

This system was retained until 1961, when the training of "direct" officers was transferred to the School of Saint-Cyr, and that of "semi-direct" officers was undertaken by the EMIA. Regardless of the fact that they also receive an officer's commission in the Army, undergraduate students receive a three-year university degree and graduate students receive a one-year master's degree.

Beginning 1986 the then one year officer candidate course was replaced with a two-year program.

Recruitment and Selection


In the past, candidates were selected at the Ecole Militaire of Strasbourg. The EMS consisted of two branches: the battalion of unique contest Services (CUS) and the pre-competition pack EMIA (PPEMIA). EMS students also had the opportunity to attend a competition for engineers auxiliary armament.

Candidates competing to enter the Ecole Militaire InterArmes must:

  • be between 23 and 35 years old.
  • hold a baccalaureate.
  • have served in the Army for at least 3 years, as of January 1 of the competition year.
  • be physically fit.


  • Having entered the competition in their unit, the officers must choose one of three courses for the examination: sciences (SI), General Studies (GS), or military science (MS). Then, candidates must first pass a series of written tests to qualify and successfully pass a series of oral and physical tests to be admitted.
    • The written test.
    • The oral tests.



EMIA students are nicknamed "dolos" after the brand of corned beef of old combat rations. During ceremonies, they wear the parade dress uniform, called "TP" and the curved cavalry saber, representing the future duty as commissioned officers upon graduation. They wear a light blue and red kepi, inherited from the Cherchell Officer Cadet Schoiol.

The songs are EMIA tradition Prayer and Sarie Marès. A popular phrase: "One day Dolo, Dolo forever!"

Classes since 1961

EMIA cadets during the Bastille Day military parade.
One-year classes:
1 1961–1962 Capitaine Bourgin
2 1962–1963 Serment de Koufra
3 1963–1964 Belvédère
4 1964–1965 André Zirnheld[1]
5 1965–1966 Cinquantenaire de Verdun
6 1966–1967 Connétable du Guesclin
7 1967–1968 Narvik[2]
8 1968–1969 Libération de Strasbourg
9 1969–1970 Plateau des Glières
10 1970–1971 Général Kœnig[3]
11 1971–1972 Souvenir[4]
12 1972–1973 Général Marceau[5]
13 1973–1974 Général Brosset[6]
14 1974–1975 Capitaine Cazaux[7]
15 1975–1976 Capitaine Cardonne
16 1976–1977 Capitaine de Belsunce[8]
17 1977–1978 Lieutenant Chezeau[9]
18 1978–1979 Général Laurier
19 1979–1980 Lieutenant-colonel Broche[10]
20 1980–1981 Capitaine Cozette[11]
21 1981–1982 Centenaire[12]
22 1982–1983 Lieutenant Leclerc de Hauteclocque
23 1983–1984 Lieutenant Borgniet
24 1984–1985 Lieutenant Bernard de Lattre de Tassigny
25 1985–1986 Lieutenant Lhuillier
The standard guards of the École militaire interarmes (EMIA) and of the École militaire du corps technique et administratif (EMCTA), parade on the 14th of July 2008 on the Champs-Élysées, Paris. The Minister of Defence Gérard Longuet presented on 14 May 2011 the Cross of the Légion d'honneur to the EMIA, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of this school.
Two-year classes:
26 1986–1988 Dalat
27 1987–1989 Capitaine Legrand[13]
28 1988–1990 Valmy[14]
29 1989–1991 Bataillon de Corée
30 1990–1992 Général Daboval
31 1991–1993 Capitaine Barrès (Biographie de Claude Barrès)[15]
32 1992–1994 Combats de Tu-Le
33 1993–1995 Capitaine Maine
34 1994–1996 Cadets de Cherchell
35 1995–1997 Lieutenant Schaffar[16]
36 1996–1998 Général Gandoët[17]
37 1997–1999 Grande Guerre
38 1998–2000 Général Berge[18]
39 1999–2001 Campagne d'Italie
40 2000–2002 Capitaine Coignet
41 2001–2003 Capitaine Biancamaria[19]
42 2002–2004 Lieutenant de Ferrières
43 2003–2005 Général de Lanlay
44 2004–2006 Colonel Guéguen[20]
45 2005–2007 Colonel Delcourt
46 2006–2008 Lieutenant De La Batie
47 2007–2009 Général de Corps d'Armée Le Ray
48 2008–2010 Capitaine Flores[21]
49 2009–2011 Colonel du Puy-Montbrun[22]
50 2010–2012 Général Bigeard[23]
51 2011–2013 Maréchal Bessières[24]
52 2012–2014 Ceux d'Afghanistan[25]

See also



  1. ^ Site de la promotion Zirnheld
  2. ^ "Promotion NARVIK". www.promotionnarvik.fr.
  3. ^ "Orange". pp.auto.ke.orange.fr.
  4. ^ "Pages perso Orange – Créez facilement votre site web personnel". pages.perso.orange.fr.
  5. ^ Site de la promotion Général Marceau
  6. ^ "Promotion Général Brosset". promotionbrosset.org.
  7. ^ "Visiteur". cazaux1974.free.fr.
  8. ^ "Accueil". www.promotion-capitaine-de-belsunce.fr.
  9. ^ "Accueil - Chezeau". www.chezeau.fr.
  10. ^ "Pages perso Orange - Domaine obselète". promotion-lcl-broche.monsite.wanadoo.fr.
  11. ^ Site de la promotion Capitaine Cozette
  12. ^ "CENTENAIRE: Page d'accueil". centenaire.chez.com.
  13. ^ "Pages perso Orange - Domaine obselète". cne_legrand.perso.orange.fr.
  14. ^ Site de la promotion Valmy
  15. ^ Site de la promotion Capitaine Barrès
  16. ^ "EMIA - Promotion Lieutenant Schaffar". www.emia-schaffar.com.
  17. ^ "EMIA - Association des anciens élèves de la Promotion Général Gandoët". www.emia-gandoet.com.
  18. ^ "PROMOTION GENERAL BERGE". emiaberge.chez.com.
  19. ^ "P R O M O T I O N C N E B I A N C A MA R I A". cnebiancamaria.free.fr.
  20. ^ "Ce compte est suspendu". www.emia44.com.
  21. ^ Site de la promotion Capitaine Flores
  22. ^ Site de la promotion Colonel du Puy-Montbrun
  23. ^ "Promotion général Bigeard". www.emia50.fr.
  24. ^ "Accueil". Promotion Maréchal Bessières.
  25. ^ Site de la promotion Ceux d'Afghanistan

47°56′40″N 2°08′45″W / 47.9444°N 2.1458°W / 47.9444; -2.1458