|Defunct||March 3, 2011|
|Revenue||2.5 billion euros (2010)|
|Owner(s)||Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations
Transdev was a major international public transport group based in Issy-les-Moulineaux near Paris, France and operating in several countries. Originally created as Société centrale pour l'équipement du territoire in 1955 and developing transportation activities since 1973, Transdev was a subsidiary Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations, a French stated-owned financial institution. On March 3, 2011, the group merged with Veolia Transport, one of its main competitors, into Veolia Transdev.
As of the time of the merger with Veolia Transport, the group had 47,000 employees all over the world and had an annual revenue of 2.5 billion euros (2010). It had operations in France (representing 39% of its revenue, 18,200 employees), the Netherlands (33% of its revenue, 14,700 employees), the United Kingdom (11%), Italy (6%), Portugal (5%) and also in Germany, Australia, Canada, Spain and Morocco. Its fleet included, by its own account, 15,642 buses and water taxis, 542 subway carriages, trams and trains and 4,581 demand responsive service vehicles.
Transdev, a subsidiary of Caisse des dépôts et consignations since its creation in 1990, operates primarily in urban and interurban transport, but has recently diversified into specialist markets such as tourism, airport ground transportation and transportation in ski resorts. Due to the nature of franchising in France, the actual number of companies and joint ventures in the group is constantly changing.
Transdev became the first continental European company to acquire an urban bus network in the UK with the purchase of London United, giving the company a 9% share of the London bus market. Further expansion in the UK did not come until 2001 when it was selected to be part of the Nottingham Express Transit tram network with Nottingham City Transport, a company which it subsequently purchased an 18% stake. A further London acquisition in 2002 was the London operations of Sovereign Buses, later renamed London Sovereign, from the Blazefield Group. In late 2005 Transdev purchased Yellow Buses of Bournemouth from Bournemouth Council ownership for £15 million. Not long after, on 5 January 2006, Transdev purchased the Blazefield Group for an undisclosed sum. In January 2007 it acquired Blackburn Transport which was subsequently incorporated into Lancashire United.
In August 1999 Transdev Australia was established following the award of a 12 year franchise to operate half of the tram network in Melbourne together with Transfield Services Ltd as Yarra Trams. In August 2001, Transdev acquired Sydney's Shorelink Bus Company. Shorelink operates 22 routes around the city's North Shore, as well as a number of peak-hour services to and from the CBD. The company has a fleet of 85 vehicles, employs around 120 staff and carries around 2 million passengers every year, including some 13,000 school pupils each day. A further joint venture with Transfield was awarded a 7-year contract to operate Brisbane ferry services CityCat and CityFerry, in November 2003. In February 2004, following the withdrawal of National Express, Yarra Trams was awarded a 5 year franchise to operate Melbourne's entire tram network. On June 25, 2009, it was announced that Transdev's contract for running Melbourne's tram network would not be renewed, they ceased operating Melbourne's trams on November 29, 2009.
In 2002 Transdev started operating the Porto Metro system.
In 2007, Transdev bought a 66% stake in the Dutch public transport company connexxion, with an option to purchase the whole within 5 years. This step made Transdev the 4th biggest operator in Europe.
In Australia Transdev operates:
- Transdev Limocar is a coach and transit bus operator in the province of Québec
- Semitan, the bus and tram operator for the city of Nantes
- Soléa, the bus and tram operator for the city of Mulhouse
- Transdev Champagne, Reims
- Transdev Savoie, Haute Savoie
In Germany Transdev SZ operates seven regional bus companies in the German federal states of Rhineland-Palatinate, Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia with 350 Employees and 360 buses. The headquarters is in Siegen. (North Rhine-Westphalia)
- Transdev operates in some Northern regions and is headquartered in Coimbra, where it also operates.
- connexxion, the largest bus operator in the Netherlands (66% stake)
Transdev's UK operations comprise:
- Transdev London Sovereign
- Blazefield Group
- Nottingham City Transport (18% stake)
It formerly operated the Nottingham Express Transit tram network jointly with NCT, and was awarded the contract to operate the forthcoming Edinburgh Trams system when it comes into service in 2011/12. This has now been cancelled and the City of Edinburgh will now operate their own company. Transdev no longer operate the Nottingham Expree Transit as the contract was terminated and passed to Tramlink Nottingham
- "Revivre l'histoire du Groupe". transdev.eu. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- "Naissance de Veolia Transdev". veoliatransdev.com. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- "Merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev". Veolia Transport. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
- "Completion of the merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev". Transdev. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "The new scale of the RATP Group". RATP. 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- "Transdev-chiffres clé du Groupe". transdev.eu. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Chronicle at homepage of Transdev SZ Germany (German only)
- "Transdev loses Edinburgh tram contract as council seeks to scale down scheme’s costs". Transport Xtra. 21 December 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2010.