The Canon of Judo
|The Canon of Judo|
|Publication date||1st Edition (June 15, 2004)|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover)|
|ISBN||ISBN 4-7700-2979-9 (1st edition, hardcover)|
|Preceded by||Canon of Judo|
The Canon of Judo is a book was originally published in 1956, and written by Kodokan 10th dan, Kyuzo Mifune (1883-1965). The book covers almost all of the Kodokan recognized techniques, adds variations and new techniques, including Do-Jime in passing as well. The book also describes fifteen Kata developed by Mifune to teach adaptation through reversal and counters. The book organizes the techniques differently from the official Kodokan Gokyo.
This book is based on new and revised material by the author made between the original publish date and the authors death. The original book, "Canon of Judo", does not contain this information. Furthermore, the original book was translated by K. Sugai whose translations were poor at best. (For example, "Or this is to throw him down by foot sweeping instant before his advanced-feet are fixed in order to change his position or break your balance.")
The book gives a brief history of Jujutsu in Japan, and gives the lineage of Judo, referencing Jujutsu masters prior to Jigoro Kano. To show the early origins and continuous development of the martial arts in Japan, a long list of historical text sources, people, and schools and styles are mentioned.
In the book, Kyuzo Mifune explains his metaphysical view of Judo, its role in Japanese society (and the world), and benefits to the individual player. He notes that Judo initially only included throws, and explains the difference between Judo and Ju-jutsu. He discusses the role of competition in Judo, and the purpose of free practice, randori, and explains that it is an indispensable part of the sport.
Although the book mentions the five kata,
- Nage (Throwing Forms)
- Kime (Forms of Decision)
- Katame (Grappling Forms)
- Ju (Forms of Gentleness)
- Koshiki (Ancient Forms)
it does not cover them. Furthermore, it does not cover Atemi-waza, but states that Atemi-waza include strikes, kicks, hits, and attacks using the fist, foot, elbow, kneecap, side of the palm, shoulder, or head, to attack the opponents vital points.
Lastly before going into each technique in detail, the book covers some basic concepts of techniques, such as Tai-sabaki (body control) and Hen-nou (adaptability). It can be surmised that throwing techniques have at least three phases:
- Kuzushi, balance breaking
- Tsukuri, positioning
- Kake, execution
- Judo Higakusho,"Secret Records of Judo".
- Honcho-Bugei-Shoden, "A Brief History of Japanese Martial Arts" by Hinatsu Shigetaka, Shotoku, Shotoku period 1711-15
- Kogusoku: taijutsu, taido, jujutsu, wajutsu, gujutsu
- Takenouchi Hisamori ( 1532–54) founded Takenouchi-ryū
- Araki Muninsai, capturing and binding techniques
- Fujiwara Katsumi 1573-91
- Bugei-ryūsoroku, "Record of the Founders of Martial Arts Schools"
- Nomura Gen-I of Shinmachi
- Hitotsubashi Jokensai
- Miyamoto Musashi
- Yawaraki Ichiryu
- Shin-shin-ryū Yawara, "New-mind Yawara" by Sekiguchi Jushi, 1632
- Shibukawa Bagoro Yoshikata, master of Shibukawa Jujutsu, senior student of Sekiguchi master Hachiro Zaemon.
- Chin-Gen-Pin (-1670), Chinese martial arts master, immigrant to Japan
- Samurais Fukuno Shichiroemon, Isogai Jirozaemon, and Miura Yojiemon
- Ryoi-shito-ryū, aka Fukuno-ryū
- Miura Yojiemon, founder of Myura-ryū
- Terada Masashige, founder of Kito-ryū
- Yoshimura Hyosuke, senior student of Terada Masashige
- Horiuchi Jidaku, senior student of Yoshimura Hyosuke
- Terada Ichiemon of Kyoto
- Takino Yugyo of Edo
- Types of jujutsu: taijutsu, yawara, judo, kogusoku, torite, kempo, shirauchi, shuhaku, ...
- Other schools: Yoshin, Kyushin-ryū, Iga, Teiho-zan, Muso, Jiki-shin, Seigo, Kanshin, Isei Jitoku Tenshin, Tenshin Shinyo, Shin-shinto
- Fukuda Hachinosuke, master of Tenhin Shinyo school, teaches Jigoro Kano
- Iso Masatomo (-1882)
- Tsunetoshi Ikubo, master of Kito-ryū, teaches Jigoro Kano
- Jigoro Kano starts teaching jujutsu after graduating from Tokyo University (1882) at the age of twenty-three, establishing the Kodokan, "House of the Ancient Ways".