Independent station is a term for an independent radio or terrestrial television station which is more independent in some way compared to other "dependent" broadcast television network stations. The definition of "independence" varies from country to country, reflecting governmental regulations, market environment and the broadcasting medium's development history.
In the United States and Canada, the term refers to Independent station (North America) broadcast stations which are not directly affiliated with any networks.
In Japan, the term refers to terrestrial stations which are not members of any networks whose dominant stations are located in Tokyo; see Japanese Association of Independent Television Stations (JAITS) for more details. In addition, although The Open University of Japan is not a member of JAITS, it can also be classified as independent.