Independent Olympians at the Olympic Games
|Independent Olympians at the Olympic Games|
|Independent Olympic Participants (1992)
Individual Olympic Athletes (2000)
Independent Olympic Athletes (2012)
Athletes have competed as Independent Olympians at the Olympic Games for various reasons, including political transition and international sanctions. The naming and country code conventions for these independent Olympians have not been consistent.
1992 Summer Olympics
During the 1992 Summer Olympics, athletes from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Macedonia competed as Independent Olympic Participants. Macedonian athletes could not appear under their own flag because their National Olympic Committee (NOC) had not been formed. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) was under United Nations sanctions which prevented the country from taking part in the Olympics. However, individual Yugoslav athletes were allowed to take part as Independent Olympic Participants. 58 athletes competed as Independent Olympic Participants, winning three medals. In addition, 16 athletes competed as Independent Paralympic Participants at the 1992 Summer Paralympics winning eight medals.
2000 Summer Olympics
At the 2000 Summer Olympics, four athletes from East Timor competed as Individual Olympic Athletes during the country's transition to independence. Two athletes competed as Individual Paralympic Athletes at the 2000 Summer Paralympics.
2012 Summer Olympics
Four athletes competed as Independent Olympic Athletes at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
After the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles and subsequent withdrawal of the country's National Olympic Committee, athletes from the country who qualified for the Games were allowed to compete independently. Three such athletes qualified.
The National Olympic Committee for South Sudan was not established between the formation of that state and the 2012 Olympic qualifying. One athlete from South Sudan qualified for the Games, and was allowed to compete as an independent.
Athletes from Kuwait were originally allowed to compete as Independent Olympic Athletes as well, because their National Olympic Committee (NOC) was suspended. However, the NOC was reinstated allowing the athletes to compete under their own flag. Kuwait competed under the Olympic flag at the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics.
|Silver||Jasna Šekarić||Yugoslavia||1992 Barcelona||Shooting||Women's 10 m air pistol|
|Bronze||Aranka Binder||Yugoslavia||1992 Barcelona||Shooting||Women's 10 m air rifle|
|Bronze||Stevan Pletikosić||Yugoslavia||1992 Barcelona||Shooting||Men's 50 m rifle prone|
Other competitors under the Olympic flag
At the 1980 Summer Olympics, in partial support of the American led boycott, 14 NOCs competed under the Olympic flag, while one, New Zealand, competed under the flag of the New Zealand Olympic and Commonwealth Games Association.
- "Olympics-Kuwait to hoist flag at Games after row resolved". Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- The athlete's nationality is listed at the time of the competition.