Cheduba Island (Burmese: မာန်အောင်ကျွန်း; also known as Manaung Island) is an island in the Bay of Bengal close to Ramree Island belonging to Burma. It has an area of approximately 523 km² and a population 63,761 as of 1983 which is composed chiefly of Burmans and Arakanese peoples.
Historical records show that an earthquake of a magnitude of 8.5 to 9.0 hit off the western coast of Burma in April 1762, and reports by eyewitnesses described a tsunami which wiped the island out. In 1881, a 7.9 magnitude earthquake in the Bay of Bengal caused "broad massive flames of fire" to be emitted on the island. In the 1780s, after the Burman conquest of the area, Cheduba became a province of Arakan. The island, along with many other islands in the area, was evacuated and occupied by the Japanese during World War II.
The village of Cheduba, located on the northeast coast, is linked to the village of Kyaukpyu on nearby Ramree Island by steamer. Most of the terrain is flat and the island is only a little above sea level. Most of the vegetation is tropical rainforest. The main economic activities on the island are farming and cattle raising. There are mud cones that emit steam and sulfurous fumes on the island, which indicate some volcanic activity. There are also seepages of oil and gas.
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- Subramanian, V. "Editorial: 1881 - Car Nicobar Island, India, Mw 7.9 Epicentre: Bay of Bengal, West of Car Nicobar Island, India Origin Time: 01:49 Date: 31st December 1881, Magnitude: Mw 7.9 ± 0.1." (PDF). Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- Chant, Christopher (1986). The Encyclopedia of Codenames of World War II. Routledge. ISBN 0-7102-0718-2
- "Cheduba - MSN Encarta". encarta.msn.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2008-06-22.
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