|• Total||45.97 km2 (17.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||169 m (554 ft)|
|• Density||3,900/km2 ( 10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+375 01777|
Barysaw (Belarusian: Бары́саў [baˈrɨsau̯]; Russian: Бори́сов, Borisov; Polish: Borysów) (population 180,100 as of 2013), also transliterated Barysaŭ, is a city in Belarus situated near the Berezina River in the Minsk Voblast.
Barysaŭ is first mentioned in Laurentian Codex as being founded (as Borisov) in 1102 by Polotsk prince Boris Vseslavovich. During the next couple of centuries it was burned and then rebuilt slightly south of its original location.
At the end of thirteenth century it became a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1569 (after the Union of Lublin) it became part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and then became part of the Russian Empire in 1793 as a result of the Second Partition of Poland).
On 22 January 1796 the town's arm of coats was established (decree #17435) by Stanislaw August, the top half containing the coat of arms of Minsk, while the lower half had two stylized towers on a silver background with a passage between them and Saint Peter above the towers holding a key in his hand. At that time, Barysaŭ was an uyezd town.
In 1812 Napoleon's troops were defeated while crossing the Berezina river, with some of the action taking place at the nearby Hospital Heights. This event was reenacted by medieval military amateurs during town festivals. A cannon from the Napoleonic era is kept near town's museum.
In 1871, the railway between Brest and Moscow passed near Barysaŭ, and a station was built there. In 1900 the area around the station was annexed to Barysaŭ. In November 1917 the area became a part of the Soviet Union but was occupied by Germany and then Poland from 1918 until 1920 after which the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic was established.
During World War II, Barysaŭ was occupied by Nazi Germany from July 2, 1941, to July 1, 1944, and most of the city was destroyed. More than 33,000 people were killed in six death camps which were constructed around the town.
After the war Barysaŭ became a major industrial centre, and as of 2002 there are 41 large factories, whose goods are exported to Russia, the CIS, and abroad. The railroad is still an important artery, but now it is powered by overhead electric lines.
List of industries: Borisov Plant of Motor-and-Tractor Electric Machinery, Borisov Plant Avtogydrousilitel, Borisov Aggregate Works, the Ekran Company, Dzerzhynski Crystal Works, Borisov Plastics Plant, the 140th Repair Works, the 2566th Plant on Radioelectronics Equipment Maintenance, the Rezinotekhnika Company, Borisov Meat Packing Plant, Borisov Plant of Polymer Package Polimiz, the Belarusian-German joint venture Frebor, the Lesokhimik Company, the Metallist Company, the Paper Factory of the state emblem department under the Finance Ministry of the Republic of Belarus, the Borisovdrev Company, the Borisovkhlebprom Company, Borisov Bakery, Borisov Sewing Factory, the Shveinik Company, Kischenko Crafts Factory, Borisov Dairy, Borisov Tinned Plant, others. The total industrial staff reaches 31019 people.
The largest factories, in no particular order, are:
- BATE (electricity automobile parts)
- AGU (avto-gidro-usilitel — power steering in Russian)
- Pharmaceutical plant (medpreparatov)
- Turbocompressors plant (agregatov)
- match factory (Borisovdrev)
- BoriMak (factory producing pasta, spaghetti)
- Zdravushka (Dairy products)
- Rezinotechnika (Rubber factory)
- Meat processing factory
- DOC (Wood products manufactury)
Town is divided by river to Old and New parts connected by two bridges. Railway station, internation road, Ispolkom (ex-KPSS Gorispolkom), military staff and central place are in the New part. As usual for this region, families live mostly in flats in large, modern apartment buildings, but there are some single-family homes on the outskirts, some of which do not yet have indoor plumbing. The water comes from an artesian well and is very clean and healthy.
Main sport sites: 2 stadiums, 3 swimming pools, 14 shooting galleries, 8 sportsgrounds
Football team FC BATE are based in the city. They have won the Belarusian Premier League eight times, and competed in the UEFA Cup and UEFA Champions League. There is also a famous basketball team Berezina-RCOR. European basketball championship for women (division B) was organized in Barysaŭ.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Barysaw|
- Website of the City of Barysaw
- Barysaw Online
- Photos of Borisov Uyezd by Prokudin-Gorsky
- Adzinstva newspaper website
- "Borisov news" website
- Travel Guide
- Adzinstva newspaper website
- Rayispolkom (Regional Executive Committee)
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