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Executive Order 13514

Executive Order 13514 is an Executive Order titled Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance which U.S. President Barack Obama issued on October 5, 2009.[1][2] EO 13514 was replaced by Executive Order 13693, titled Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade,[3] issued by Obama on March 19, 2015.[4] The Office of the Federal Environmental Executive[5] (the name of which office was changed to the Office of Federal Sustainability by Executive Order 13693), which is housed at the Council on Environmental Quality within the Executive Office of the President of the United States, oversees policy, guidance, and implementation of the sustainability Executive Order.

Executive Order 13514 required the Federal agencies to measure and reduce greenhouse gas pollution resulting from Federal operations, improve energy efficiency, increase use of renewable energy, reduce water consumption, and purchase energy efficiency and environmentally preferable goods and materials. The aggregate Federal government greenhouse gas emissions reduction goal resulting from EO 13514 totaled 28% by 2020, corresponding to a projected $8 - $11 billion reduction in the Federal government's energy bill[6].

The Executive Order also required Federal agencies to publish an annual Strategic Sustainability Plan, and called on the Office of Management and Budget to measure and report on Federal agent progress against goals in annual sustainability scorecards. Sustainability scorecard results are published by the Office of Federal Sustainability[7].

Executive Order 13514 further mandated that at least 15 percent of existing federal buildings and leases should meet the Guiding Principles for Federal Sustainable Buildings[8] by 2015, and that annual progress be made toward 100 percent conformance of all federal buildings, with a goal of 100% of all new federal buildings achieving zero-net-energy by 2030. The U.S. government is the largest consumer of energy in America. It has more than 350,000 buildings, and many of these buildings are energy-inefficient. Fifteen percent of 500,000 buildings is 75,000 buildings.

The Executive Order states that "the Federal Government must lead by example ... increase energy efficiency; measure, report, and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions from direct and indirect activities ... design, construct, maintain, and operate high performance sustainable buildings in sustainable locations; strengthen the vitality and livability of the communities in which Federal facilities are located; and inform Federal employees about and involve them in the achievement of these goals."

"Zero-net-energy building" is defined in Executive Order 13514 as "a building that is designed, constructed, and operated to require a greatly reduced quantity of energy to operate, meet the balance of energy needs from sources of energy that do not produce greenhouse gases, and therefore result in no net emissions of greenhouse gases and be economically viable."

Details and timelineEdit

The implementation of Executive Order 13514 was overseen by the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive. The name of the Office was subsequently changed to the Office of Federal Sustainability by Executive Order 13693.

Furthering the goals of Executive Order 13514, President Obama issued four additional Presidential Memoranda to increase building efficiency and create jobs by requiring agencies to complete $2 billion in Energy Savings Performance Contracts, to purchase biobased and renewable products, to purchase green fleet vehicles and to launch an EV pilot, and to purchase at least 20% renewable energy. Comprehensive Federal agency guidance and implementing instructions can be found on[9], an interagency resource hosted by the US Army Corps of Engineers.

Presidential Executive Actions Related to Executive Order 13514
Executive Order Issued By Date Issued
EO 13514 on Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance President Obama October 5, 2009
Presidential Memorandum on Implementation of Energy Savings Projects and Performance-Based Contracting for Energy Savings President Obama December 2, 2011
Presidential Memorandum on Driving Innovation and Creating Jobs in Rural America through Biobased and Sustainable Product Procurement President Obama February 12, 2012
Presidential Memorandum on Federal Fleet Performance President Obama May 24, 2011
Presidential Memorandum on Federal Leadership on Energy Management President Obama December 4, 2013

These Executive Orders and Presidential Memoranda build on more than 20 years of Presidential Executive Orders and Federal leadership in sustainability, beginning in 1993 when former President Bill Clinton established the Federal sustainability agenda and the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive with Executive Order 12873[10] which focused on eliminating waste and expanding the use of recycled materials. Former President George W. Bush expanded the scope of the Federal sustainability agenda and the role of the Federal Environmental Executive through Executive Order 13423[11] which added sustainable building, renewable energy, environmental management systems, and electronic waste recycling to the agenda. EO 13423 also created Presidential Awards for agency achievement in meeting the President's sustainability goals. Executive Order 13514, and subsequent Executive Orders including EO 13693, built on these foundations.

Federal Agency Sustainability PlansEdit

Under EO 13514, each Federal department and agency was required to submit and publish an annual Sustainability Plan. Agencies were also subsequently required to include Adaptation plans that outlined how each Department and agency would respond to the challenges of climate change to secure their missions.[12]

GreenGov SymposiumEdit

In 2011, the Obama Administration established an annual symposium in partnership with the George Washington University. The purpose of the GreenGov Symposium was to share successes and lessons learned across the Federal community and to foster publish-private partnerships to learn from leading corporate sustainability practices.[13]

Federal Agency Sustainability ScorecardsEdit

During the George W. Bush Administration, the White House Office of Management and Budget was tasked with responsibility for measuring the performance of the Federal departments and agencies towards achieving Federal sustainability goals. These performance scorecards were advanced by the Obama Administration and continue under the Trump Administration. Assisted by the United States Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program, the Office of Management and Budget conducts an extensive data call each year to collect information about Federal department and agency energy use, water use, and other metrics. The results of these scorecards are published by the Office of Federal Sustainability (formerly called the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive) at [].

GreenGov Presidential Leadership AwardsEdit

Originally established by Executive Order 13423 under President George W. Bush, the GreenGov Presidential Leadership Awards recognized exceptional agency and team achievements towards realizing Federal sustainability goals. Federal sustainability achievements recognized through these awards included net-zero building, EV fleets, and species conservation. A historical list of GreenGov Presidential Award recipients can be found at [].

Federal Sustainable Buildings and Net-Zero GoalsEdit

Specifically as related to Federal sustainable buildings and achieving net-zero-energy, goals can be summarized as follows:

  • Green roofs are explicitly recommended for government buildings.
  • Zero-net-energy goals are to be incorporated into the process of buying or leasing new government properties.
  • Beginning fiscal year 2020 and thereafter, all new Federal buildings greater than 5000 gross square feet must be designed to achieve Zero-Net-Energy.[14]
  • Large government buildings were to start showing progress by 2015. More specifically, at least 15 percent of any agency's existing buildings and building leases above 5,000 gross square feet must conform to Zero-Net-Energy by Fiscal Year 2015. Ongoing improvement is required.
  • Historic buildings may be retrofit to comply with the order.


According to a White House report of March 30, 2011:[15]


Executive Order 13514 was replaced by Executive Order 13693, titled Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade,[3] issued by Obama on March 19, 2015. On May 17, 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump signed an executive order repealing Executive Order 13693, including all requirements to reduce greenhouse gas pollution. The Trump Executive Order maintains the Federal government's commitment to energy efficiency and to meeting all statutory requirements to reduce energy use, to conserve water, and to increase the use of renewable energy.[22] All previous Federal Environmental Executives and Federal Chief Sustainability officers including those serving under former Presidents Clinton, Bush, and Obama joined together to call on the Trump Administration to maintain the Federal government's commitment to sustainability.[23]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Obama, Barack (October 5, 2009). "Executive Order 13514 — Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance" (PDF). United States Government Printing Office. Retrieved June 27, 2012. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Terry Townshend; Sam Fankhauser; Adam Matthews; Clément Feger; Jin Liu; Thais Narciso (September–October 2011). "Legislating Climate Change on a National Level". Environment. 53 (5).
  3. ^ a b Executive Order 13693—Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade, issued March 25, 2015
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Office of Federal Sustainability". Retrieved 2018-09-19.
  6. ^ "Leading by Example – Making the Federal Government More Sustainable". 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2018-09-19.
  7. ^ "Office of Federal Sustainability | Federal Sustainability Performance". Retrieved 2018-09-19.
  8. ^ "US DOE - EERE: Guiding Principles for Federal Sustainable Buildings".
  9. ^ "FedCenter - Home". Retrieved 2018-09-20.
  10. ^ "Federal Register" (PDF).
  11. ^ "".
  12. ^ "".
  13. ^ "About GreenGov". The White House. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  14. ^ Obama, Barack (March 25, 2015) "Executive Order 13693 - Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade." Section 3 (h) (i)
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^ , Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
  22. ^
  23. ^ Moore, Michelle (2017-04-13). "Bipartisan group of former federal CSOs has some advice for President Trump". GreenBiz. Retrieved 2018-09-25.