William Thomson (American soldier)

William Thomson (1727–1796) was a South Carolina patriot in the American Revolution. He was Colonel of the Orangeburgh District Regiment of Militia and commander of the 3rd South Carolina Regiment of Rangers.[1]

William Thomson
Born(1727-01-16)January 16, 1727
DiedNovember 22, 1796(1796-11-22) (aged 69)
Sweet Springs, West Virginia
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branchSouth Carolina State Troops, Continental Army
Years of service1775-1783
RankBrevet General
Commands held3rd South Carolina Regiment, Orangeburgh District Regiment of South Carolina Militia

Life storyEdit

William Thomson was born on January 16, 1727 in Pennsylvania. He was related to Charles Thomson. His parents bought him South Carolina as a boy where they settled along the west side of the Congaree River in Orangeburgh District, where he later served as sheriff and was elected to the First Provincial Congress in January and June of 1775.[1][2][3][4]

He was selected as colonel in early 1775 over the Orangenburgh District Regiment of the South Carolina militia. He was later commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel and commandant of the 3rd South Carolina Regiment of Rangers on June 18, 1775 and later promoted to colonel on May 16, 1776. He was promoted to brevet general on September 30, 1783.[1][2]

He was involved in the following engagements:[1][2]

At the fall of Charleston on May 12, 1780, he was taken prisoner and was paroled until the end of the war. He returned to his estate at Belleville, South Carolina, where he continued the pursuit as an indigo planter. Because of poor health he moved to a medicinal springs in Virginia, where he died on November 22, 1796.[2]

3rd South Carolina RegimentEdit

The 3rd South Carolina Regiment was originally authorized on June 6, 1775 as the South Carolina Regiment of Horse (Rangers). When organized in the summer of 1775, it consisted of nine companies from western South Carolina. On November 12, 1775, it was re-designated the 3rd South Carolina Regiment. On July 24, 1776, it was placed under the Continental Army and placed under the Southern Department.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Lewis, J.D. "The American Revolution in South Carolina, William Thomson". Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Lossing, Benson J. (1852). Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution.
  3. ^ Johnson. Traditions and Reminiscences of the American Revolution.
  4. ^ Calhoun County Museum and Cultural Center. "Colonel William Thomson--Revolutionary marksman". Retrieved March 26, 2019.