William Buehler Seabrook (February 22, 1884 – September 20, 1945) was an American occultist, explorer, traveler, cannibal, and journalist, born in Westminster, Maryland. He began his career as a reporter and City Editor of the Augusta Chronicle in Georgia and later became a partner in an advertising agency in Atlanta.
|Born||William Buehler Seabrook|
22 February 1884
|Died||20 September 1945 (aged 61)|
Rhinebeck, New York
|Literary movement||Lost Generation|
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Seabrook graduated from Mercersburg Academy. He then attended Roanoke College, received a masters from Newberry College, and studied philosophy at the University of Geneva, located in Switzerland.
In 1915, he joined the American Field Service of the French Army and served in World War I. He was gassed at Verdun in 1916 and was later awarded the Croix de Guerre. The following year, he became a reporter for The New York Times and soon became an itinerant.
In 1912, Seabrook married his first wife, Katherine Pauline Edmondson. They divorced in 1934. Soon after, he married Marjorie Worthington in 1935. The marriage ended in 1939. This was followed up by his marriage to Constance Kuhr, which began and ended in 1942.
In the 1920s, Seabrook traveled to West Africa and came across a tribe who partook in the eating of human meat. Seabrook writes about his experience of cannibalism in his novel, Jungle Ways; however, later on Seabrook admits the tribe did not allow him to join in on the ritualistic cannibalism. Instead, he obtained samples of human flesh from a hospital and cooked it himself.
In autumn 1919, English occultist Aleister Crowley spent a week with Seabrook at Seabrook's farm. Seabrook went on to write a story based on the experience and to recount the experiment in Witchcraft: Its Power in the World Today.
In 1924, he travelled to Arabia and sampled the hospitality of various tribes of Bedouin and the Kurdish Yazidi. His account of his travels, Adventures in Arabia: among the Bedouins, Druses, Whirling Dervishes and Yezidee Devil Worshipers was published in 1927; it was sufficiently successful to allow him to travel to Haiti, where he developed an interest in Haitian Vodou and the Culte des Mortes, which were described at length in his book The Magic Island. The book is credited with introducing the concept of a zombie to popular culture.
Seabrook had a lifelong fascination with the occult practices of satanism and Haitian Vodou, which he witnessed and described firsthand both in Third World countries, as documented in The Magic Island (1929), and Jungle Ways (1930). He later concluded that he had seen nothing that did not have a rational scientific explanation, a theory which he detailed in Witchcraft: Its Power in the World Today (1940).
In Air Adventure he describes a trip on board a Farman with captain Renè Wauthier, a famed pilot, and Marjorie Muir Worthington, from Paris to Timbuktu, where he went to collect a mass of documents from Father Yacouba, a defrocked monk who had an extensive collection of rare documents about the obscure city at that time administered by the French as part of French Sudan. The book is replete with information about French colonial life in the Sahara and pilots in particular.
In December 1933, Seabrook was committed at his own request and with the help of some of his friends to Bloomingdale, a mental institution in Westchester County, near New York City, for treatment for acute alcoholism. He remained a patient of the institution until the following July and in 1935 published an account of his experience, written as if it were no more than another expedition to a foreign locale. The book, Asylum, became another best-seller. In the preface, he was careful to state that his books were not "fiction or embroidery".
He married Marjorie Muir Worthington in France, in 1935, after they had returned from a trip to Africa on which Seabrook was researching a book. Due to his alcoholism and sadistic practices they divorced in 1941. She later wrote a biography, The Strange World of Willie Seabrook, which was published in 1966.
- Diary of Section VIII (1917) Ebook.
- Adventures in Arabia (1927)
- The Magic Island (1929) Ebook.
- Jungle Ways (1930)
- Air Adventure (1933)
- The White Monk of Timbuctoo (1934)
- Asylum (1935)
- These Foreigners: Americans All (1938)
- Witchcraft: Its Power in the World Today (1940)
- Doctor Wood: Modern Wizard of the Laboratory (1941)
- No Hiding Place: An Autobiography (1942)
- "Wow!" (1921) Etext of the story, The Genesis of "WoW!", and A Note on the Text.
- "History of the American Field Service in France. 1920. Section Eight". Net.lib.byu.edu. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "William Seabrook". Nndb.com. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- Nuwer, Rachel. "Human Flesh Looks Like Beef, But the Taste Is More Elusive". Smithsonian. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- "Books: Mumble-Jumble", Time, September 9, 1940, retrieved January 25, 2012
- Bishop, Kyle William (2010), American Zombie Gothic, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, p. 61, ISBN 978-0-7864-4806-7,
Nevertheless, although these two sources make reference to the condition of the living dead, it took Seabrook's 1929 travelogue The Magic Island to link the phenomenon directly with the term zombie.
- Wauthier, Magdeleine; Wauthier, René (1934). Connaissance des sables: du Hoggar au Tchad à travers le Ténéré (in French). Paris, France: Plon. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Seabrook, William Buehler (1935). Asylum. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company.
- "Archives West: Marjorie Worthington papers, 1931-1976". Nwda-db.wsulibs.wsu.edu. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- Worthingon, Majorie Muir (1966). The Strange World of Willie Seabrook.
- Carter, Sue (January 19, 2017). "One hell of a cartoonish life ... but it was all too real". Metro Canada. Archived from the original on April 2, 2017. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- "William Seabrook, Author, is Suicide". The St. Petersburg Times. September 21, 1945. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Ollmann, Joe (June 15, 2016). The Abominable Mr. Seabrook. Drawn & Quarterly. ISBN 978-1-77046-267-0. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
- Seabrook, William (1917). Diary of Section VIII (Ebook ed.).
- Seabrook, William (1929). The Magic Island (Ebook ed.).
- Seabrook, william (1940). "'Wow!' (1921), 'The Genesis of "Wow!"', and A Note on the Text". Witchcraft (Etext of the story ed.). Archived from the original on October 26, 2009.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- The Life and Works of William Buehler Seabrook at the Wayback Machine (archived October 27, 2009)
- The Works of William Buehler Seabrook: An Annotated Bibliography at the Wayback Machine (archived October 26, 2009)
- "William Buehler Seabrook". HSCC.carr.org.
Undated pictures of William Seabrook are available: