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Mirror websites or mirrors are replicas of other websites. Such websites have different URLs than the original site, but host identical or near-identical content.[1] The main purpose of benign mirrors is often to reduce network traffic, improve access speed, improve availability of the original site, or provide a real-time backup of the original site.[2][3][4] Malicious mirror sites can attempt to steal user information, distribute malware, or profit from the content of the original site, among other uses.


Examples of websites with notable mirrors are KickassTorrents,[5][6][7][8] The Pirate Bay,[9][10][11][12] WikiLeaks,[13][14] the website of the Environmental Protection Agency,[15][16] and Wikipedia.[17][18][19] Examples of websites where a part of the website is mirrored are free and open-source software projects such as GNU,[20] in particular Linux distributions such as Debian[21] and Fedora;[22] such projects provide mirrors of the download sites (since those expected to have high load), but not do necessarily mirror the main websites.

Occasionally, some people will use web mirror software to produce static dumps of existing sites, such as the BBC's Top Gear and RedFlagDeals.

From 2009 to 2014, Moneysavingexpert had a static mirror site hosted on a free hosting site.

Malicious mirrorsEdit

There are known cases of mirror websites which attempt to gain sensitive information of or distribute malware to its users.[23] Other types of malicious mirrors might attempt to make profit from the content of other websites, identify users or manipulate website contents.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Glushko, Robert J. The Discipline of Organizing: Core Concepts Edition. "O'Reilly Media, Inc.". ISBN 9781491912812. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  2. ^ "What is Mirror Site? Webopedia Definition". Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  3. ^ "What is Mirror Site? - Definition from Techopedia". Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  4. ^ Wisshak, Max; Tapanila, Leif. Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9783540775973. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  5. ^ Russon, Mary-Ann (22 July 2016). "Kickass Torrents is back: New domains, mirrors and proxies show business is as usual". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  6. ^ Clark, Bryan (21 July 2016). "IsoHunt just launched a working KickassTorrent mirror". The Next Web. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Mexican Police Target Popular KickassTorrents 'Clone,' Seize Domain - TorrentFreak". TorrentFreak. 23 September 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  8. ^ Wei, Wang. "New Kickass Torrents Site is Back Online by Original Staffers". The Hacker News. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  9. ^ "The Piratebay Blocked By Chrome, Mirror Sites Accessible". iTech Post. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  10. ^ "The Pirate Bay is blocked Australia wide... except it really isn't". CNET. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  11. ^ "Pirate Bay Mirror Shut Down: Alternative Clone Had Kickass Torrents Skin, Vows To Continue". Tech Times. 24 September 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Pirate Bay Blocked By Google Chrome And Firefox: Kickass Torrents Mirror, Extratorrent, Torrentz And Other Clones Accessible". Tech Times. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  13. ^ Greenemeier, Larry. "How Has WikiLeaks Managed to Keep Its Web Site Up and Running?". Scientific American. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  14. ^ Schroeder, Stan. "WikiLeaks Now Has Hundreds of Mirrors". Mashable. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  15. ^ "The EPA Posted a Mirror of Its Website Before Trump Can Gut the Real One". Vice. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  16. ^ Hiltzik, Michael (24 April 2017). "Did 'people power' save a trove of EPA data from a shutdown by Trump?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  17. ^ "How to set up your own copy of Wikipedia - ExtremeTech". ExtremeTech. 18 January 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  18. ^ Broughton, John. Wikipedia: The Missing Manual. "O'Reilly Media, Inc.". ISBN 9780596515164. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  19. ^ Ayers, Phoebe; Matthews, Charles; Yates, Ben. How Wikipedia Works: And how You Can be a Part of it. No Starch Press. ISBN 9781593271763. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  20. ^ "". Retrieved 2017-08-27.
  21. ^ "Debian worldwide mirror sites". Retrieved 2017-08-27.
  22. ^ "Home - MirrorManager". Retrieved 2017-08-27.
  23. ^ "Watch Out for Malicious Mirrors of KickassTorrents". PCMag UK. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2017.

External linksEdit