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Wax was a 1980s musical duo formed in Manchester, England, consisting of American singer-songwriter Andrew Gold and 10cc guitarist/bassist Graham Gouldman. In the US, they were listed as Wax UK. The band is best known for the hit singles "Right Between the Eyes" and "Bridge to Your Heart."

Also known asWorld in Action
Common Knowledge
OriginManchester, England, United Kingdom
GenresNew wave, pop rock
Years active1983–1990, 1997-2000
LabelsRCA Records
Associated acts10cc
Past membersAndrew Gold
Graham Gouldman



In 1981, 10cc was working on what would become the album Ten Out of 10. Andrew Gold was invited to record with the band by Lenny Waronker, head of A&R at Warner Bros, and played keyboards and percussion on the completed album, as well as adding background vocals.[1] The U.S. release of Ten Out of 10 also featured three songs co-written by Gold: "Power of Love," "Runaway" and "We’ve Heard It All Before."[2] It led to an offer to join the band – an offer Gold declined because of other commitments.[3]

Initial workEdit

After 10cc split in 1983, Graham Gouldman persuaded Gold to visit him at his home in Mottram St Andrew, England, to write and spend some time together. Gold ended up staying for seven months. During this period, they wrote enough songs for an album. They chose World in Action as the band name and released a single, "Don't Break My Heart." Soon afterwards, they changed the name of the collaboration to Common Knowledge. A second single, "Victoria", was released, but both singles failed to get any attention, and the album was shelved.[4]

Under the supervision of Harvey Lisberg, Gouldman's long-time manager, the pair started working on songs for a new album, and took the name "Wax." They signed with RCA Records, and released three studio albums between 1986 and 1989.[5] Their most successful British hit was "Bridge to Your Heart," which reached No. 12 in the autumn of 1987,[6] and was supported by European TV appearances including performances of the song on the renowned, high-profile British pop-music showcase Top of the Pops[7] and the German series Peter's Pop Show.[8]


In the beginning of 1990, Gouldman was offered the chance to reform 10cc with Eric Stewart. They got back together to record the group's comeback album ...Meanwhile, on which Andrew Gold also appeared, adding guitar to the track "Charity Begins at Home."

The next 10cc album, Mirror Mirror, also featured Gold. His contributions were backing vocals on "Grow Old With Me" and lead vocals on "Ready to Go Home," the latter co-written by Gold and Gouldman. Despite Gold not being an official member of 10cc, the band still released "Ready to Go Home" with his lead vocals.[9]

Later workEdit

After 10cc's second split, Andrew Gold and Graham Gouldman got back together to record new material. This resulted in The Wax Files, released in 1997, putting together six new songs, two previously unreleased tracks, and already released material from the 1980s.[10]

In 1998, their Common Knowledge album was finally released as Common, with four newly recorded tracks, under the Wax name.

A collection of out-takes and rarities, Bikini, was released in 2000.[11]


Studio albumsEdit

Compilation albumsEdit

  • Works: Best Of Andrew Gold & Graham Gouldman (1996)
  • The Wax Files (as Andrew Gold & Graham Gouldman) (1997)
  • Wax Bikini (as Andrew Gold & Graham Gouldman) (2000)[6]


  • "Don't Break My Heart" (as World in Action) (1984)
  • "Victoria" (as Common Knowledge) (1985)
  • "Ball and Chain" (1985)
  • "Shadows of Love" (1986)
  • "Right Between the Eyes" (1986) U.S. No. 43, UK No. 60, Neth No. 24
  • "Systematic" (1986)
  • "In Some Other World" (1987)
  • "Bridge to Your Heart" (1987) UK No. 12, Neth No. 6, SWE No. 9, AUS No. 17
  • "American English" (1987) Neth No. 96
  • "Wherever You Are" (1989)
  • "Anchors Aweigh" (1989) UK No. 95[6]

Other collaborationsEdit

Other Gold-Gouldman collaborations can be found on:


  1. ^ 10CC - "Ten Out of 10" Album Credits
  2. ^ 10CC - "Ten Out of 10" Overview
  3. ^ "10cc : A Pure Injection Of Pop". Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  4. ^ common liner notes Archived 20 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Andrew Gold - Obituary". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
  6. ^ a b c Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 593. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  7. ^ Wax - Bridge to Your Heart - Top of the Pops - Thursday 20th August 1987
  8. ^ WAX - Bridge to Your Heart - Peter's Pop Show - 1987
  9. ^ 10CC - "Mirror Mirror" Overview
  10. ^ "The Store". Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Bikini by Wax". Retrieved 12 June 2019.

External linksEdit