WWOZ is a non-profit community-supported radio station in New Orleans, Louisiana broadcasting at 90.7 FM. The station specializes in music from or relating to the cultural heritage of New Orleans and the surrounding region of Louisiana.
|City||New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Broadcast area||New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Branding||"WWOZ 90.7 FM"|
|Slogan||"Jazz & Heritage Station"|
|Frequency||90.7 MHz (also on HD Radio)|
|First air date||December 4, 1980|
|Format||Jazz, Blues, New Orleans community music|
|Callsign meaning||The Wonderful Wizard of OZ|
|Owner||New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Foundation|
WWOZ programming is most heavily weighted toward contemporary jazz and rhythm & blues, with other programming including traditional jazz, blues, Cajun music, zydeco, old time and country music, bluegrass, Gospel, Celtic music and World music.
As the station is known for its support of local music, local musicians are often guests on programs, and sometimes perform live over the air, especially for the station's twice-yearly membership drives. Musicians and singers such as Rob Cambre, Samirah Evans, Alan Fontenot, Bob French, Hazel the Delta Rambler, Sam Cammarata, Ernie K-Doe, Bobby Mitchell, Davis Rogan, Tom Saunders, John Sinclair, Don Vappie, and Dr. Michael White and others have had their own shows on the station.
In 2018 WWOZ was honored with the Prestige Award for Station of the Year by the Louisiana Association of Broadcasters in recognition of its on-air programming, the large number of volunteer hosts, live music broadcasts, as well as its "WWOZ in the Schools" program.
The founders of WWOZ were brothers Walter and Jerry Brock, from Texas, who thought New Orleans needed a community radio station and began organizing it in the mid-1970s. Jerry is also the co-founder of the Louisiana Music Factory, and a record producer engaged in the works of various local artists. The Nora Blatch Educational Foundation (named after radio pioneer Nora Blatch, wife of Lee De Forest) was established as a non-profit organization to hold the station license. The call letters WWOZ were chosen as a reference to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, specifically the line, "Pay no attention to the man behind the curtain," meaning that attention should be given to the program content rather than the personalities of the disc jockeys.
The station began broadcasting December 4, 1980 from the tiny transmitter building in Bridge City, Louisiana beneath their shared rented broadcast tower. A few months later the broadcasts moved to the space the station had been using in a dilapidated two-room apartment upstairs from the music club Tipitina's at Napoleon Avenue and Tchoupitoulas Street in Uptown New Orleans.
Conditions at WWOZ in the early 1980s were spartan. The studio/office had no air-conditioning, and for a time just before moving out of the Tipitina's site the only running water to the tiny bathroom was from a neighbor's garden hose run in through a window. Everyone who did a show volunteered hours of time on other tasks to keep the station going, from addressing envelopes to sweeping the floor. When artists performing live downstairs at Tipitina's gave their permission, their performances were broadcast via a microphone lowered through a hole in the floor. When permission to broadcast live performances downstairs could not be obtained, programming went to pre-recorded reel-to-reel tapes, as the music downstairs made it too loud in the studio to talk over the microphones and the vibrations made it impossible to use the station's turntables.
In 1985 WWOZ moved the studio to a building in Louis Armstrong Park in the Tremé neighborhood. With the station facing financial difficulties, in 1986 the license was transferred to the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Foundation (parent organization of the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival) which helped subsidize the operation. The station later added an office in a small house across St. Philip Street from the studio.
Effects of Hurricane KatrinaEdit
WWOZ made the decision to go off the air at midnight on August 27, 2005 in anticipation of Hurricane Katrina to allow its programmers and staff to evacuate the city. It actually went off the air slightly earlier, just after 10pm. The last song played before signing off that night was "What the Heck, Let’s Discotheque" by Side Effect, spun by DJ Soul Sister. In the storm the WWOZ studio suffered minor damage but the Park's power system was wiped out and not a repair priority in the big picture, while the WWOZ staff, like the rest of the New Orleans population, was scattered to shelter in several states. But the station's transmitter atop the Tidewater Building on Canal Street in downtown New Orleans was found to be intact and serviceable, given a studio source. Within a week WWOZ initiated a webcast as "WWOZ in Exile" via Internet servers at WFMU in New Jersey. Many long term listeners from around the country donated tapes of WWOZ broadcasts from years gone by, some of which were rebroadcast in part or whole. On October 18, 2005 WWOZ resumed limited hours of broadcasting over the air in New Orleans, via studio space provided by Louisiana Public Broadcasting in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The station returned a physical studio to New Orleans in December 2005, using temporary office and studio space at the French Market office building, returning to its airwaves on 15 December.
Much of WWOZ's programming has long been based on the large personal record collections of the various programmers, many of which were lost in the disaster. For some time after the station returned to the air, one programmer did a series of shows entirely from CDs rescued from the debris in post-Katrina muck.
At first the French Quarter studio was expected to be a temporary arrangement for approximately a year. However agreements were made for WWOZ to use more space in the French Market office building for studio and office space, and WWOZ has remained at this location, with supplemental offices at the New Orleans Healing Center and in Kenner, Louisiana.
Pre-Katrina, thousands of hours of New Orleans music performances on tape via WWOZ were stored in a non-descript storage site. The floodwaters stopped at the storage container's loading dock and were not lost. The tapes were later shipped to the Library of Congress, which had previously named the WWOZ collection to its National Recording Registry. The Library agreed to store, catalog, and digitize the collection, a process which was expected to take many years to complete. By April 2016, the collection of over 2,000 recordings was made available to the public via walk-in listening in the Library's Recorded Sound Research Center in the Madison Building on Capitol Hill.
WWOZ's on-air show hosts are all volunteers, and receive no compensation for the music that they play on the station, primarily from their personal collections of music. Most of them are deeply involved in the New Orleans music community, and many are musicians. The station does have a small staff of paid personnel who handle the day-to-day operations of the station.
- "History of WWOZ". wwoz.org. WWOZ. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- McConnaughey, Janet (August 30, 1987). "Station Spins Only New Orleans Sounds". The Advocate (The Baton Rouge Sunday Advocate ed.). Baton Rouge, LA. p. 11-MAG.
- "Program Schedule". wwoz.org. New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Foundation, Inc. 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
- Jordan, Scott (August 19, 2003). "The Rap on WWOZ". Gambit. New Orleans, LA. p. Music section. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
- "The wonderful wizards of WWOZ". Times-Picayune (Web Edition Articles ed.). New Orleans, LA. May 5, 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
- Walker, Dave (April 21, 2015). "WWOZ's live location broadcasts will take Jazz Fest 2015 far and wide". Times-Picayune. New Orleans, LA. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "Thumbs Up/Thumbs Down". Gambit. New Orleans, LA. March 19, 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
- LeGardeur, Lili (December 23, 2003). "Broadcast Blues". Gambit. New Orleans, LA. p. News section. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- Brasted, Chelsea (March 15, 2016). "Concern over direction of WWOZ leads to employee, volunteer departures". Times-Picayune. New Orleans, LA. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- Murphy, Michael (2016). Hear Dat New Orleans: A Guide to the Rich Musical Heritage & Lively Current Scene. Woodstock, VT: Countryman Press. ISBN 9781581573169.
- Walker, Dave (May 3, 2006). "The Wizards of 'OZ: While showcasing New Orleans culture, radio station WWOZ became a cultural icon itself". Times-Picayune. New Orleans, LA. p. Living section, 1. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- Kahn, Carrie (February 12, 2008). "Library of Congress: Saving New Orleans Music". www.npr.org. National Public Radio. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "WWOZ Collection". www.loc.gov. Library of Congress, Recorded Sound Research Center. April 28, 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- Wirt, John (December 18, 2014). "Little Station, Big Sound: Musical friends help WWOZ celebrate its birthday at Tip's". The New Orleans Advocate. New Orleans, LA. p. Beaucoup section, 5. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to WWOZ.|
- Query the FCC's FM station database for WWOZ
- Radio-Locator information on WWOZ
- Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WWOZ
- WWOZ MySpace page
- WWOZ Facebook page
- WWOZ Community on Livejournal
- WWOZ Photo Sharing Community on Flickr
- WWOZ Street Talk Multi-media blog on post-Katrina New Orleans subjects