5th Infantry Division (Vietnam)
|Branch|| National Liberation Front for South Vietnam (1965–1976)|
People's Army of Vietnam (1976–present)
Regular infantry (1976–present)
|Part of||7th Military Region|
The Division was formed on 23 October 1965 from the 4th (Dong Nai) Regiment and the newly formed 5th Regiment drawn from local forces.:156 The Division later comprised the 274 Regiment and 275 Regiment plus supporting units.The VC 5th Division's headquarters was located in Northeast Phuoc Tuy in the May Tao Mountains, the 274th Regiment's headquarters was located in the Hat Dich area and the 275th Regiment's headquarters was also located in the May Tao Mountains. The division operated in the Bien Hoa, Dong Nai, Phuoc Tuy and Long Khanh provinces. North Vietnamese regulars also reinforced the division during operations.
As part of the campaign against Saigon it was tasked with isolating the eastern provinces by interdicting the main roads and highways, including national routes 1 and 15 and provincial routes 2 and 23. It this role it proved a major challenge to the ARVN, with the 275th Regiment successfully ambushing a South Vietnamese battalion near Binh Gia on 11 November 1965. The division or elements participated in the Battle of Long Tan against Australian Army forces, as well as a number of other actions. Other notable battles included the battles of Bien Hoa, Long Binh, Snuol, and Loc Ninh.
Later in the war the division also operated in Cambodia.
Presently, the 5th Division is under the 7th Military Region.
- Nguyen Hoa - First commanding officer.
- Le Xuan Luu - First political commissar
- Dennis, Peter; et al. (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (Second ed.). Melbourne: Oxford University Press Australia & New Zealand. ISBN 978-0-19-551784-2.
- McNeill, Ian (1993). To Long Tan: The Australian Army and the Vietnam War 1950–1966. The Official History of Australia's Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts 1948–1975. Volume Two. St Leonards, New South Wales: Allen and Unwin. ISBN 1863732829.
- McNeill, Ian; Ekins, Ashley (2003). On the Offensive: The Australian Army and the Vietnam War 1967–1968. The Official History of Australia's Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts 1948–1975. Volume Eight. St Leonards, New South Wales: Allen and Unwin. ISBN 1863733043.
- Rowe, John (1987). Vietnam: The Australian Experience. Sydney: Time-Life Books Australia. ISBN 0949118079.
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