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Mohammad Hashem Cheshti, also known with surname Chishti and as Ustad Hashem (Persian: استاد هاشم‎), was a contemporary classical musician and composer born in Kharabat area of Kabul,[1] Afghanistan, who died in 1994 in Germany under unclear circumstances.[1]

Mohammad Hashem Cheshti
OriginKabul, Afghanistan

Ustad Hashem was born and raised in a musical family, which originally came from Kasur in Punjab, but settled in the 19th century in Kabul as court musicians.[2][3] Several of his close family members, including his brothers and his father are/were also famous musicians in their own right.[2][3] Both he and his brothers appeared regularly on Afghan Television and Radio prior to the Russian invasion of Afghanistan and the subsequent wars.[2][4][5] He accompanied regularly other famous Afghan musicians like Ahmad Zahir and Ustad Mahwash on his tabla.[2][6]

He was the teacher and mentor of Ustad Mahwash,[2][7][8] the first Afghan female master musician and Zuleikha, a US American dancer and artist.[2][9][10][11] He mastered many different traditional Afghan instruments, but his greatest passion was for the tabla, his mastership of which was supreme.[1][2][12][13] Following the Russian invasion of Afghanistan he had to flee his home country[1][2] and emigrated to Germany where he died in 1994,[2] killed by one of his former students for reasons unknown.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e " Afghanistan Ustad Hashem".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Baily, John (11 March 2002). "Cry freedom: the story of singer Farida Mahwash".
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2009-05-16.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Thunder004 (13 December 2008). "Tabla of Ustad Hashem & Ustad Asef تبله استاد هاشم و استاد آصف" – via YouTube.
  5. ^ Thunder004 (29 December 2008). "Ustad Hashem Rag استاد هاشم - راگ" – via YouTube.
  6. ^ PEACE MAKER 007 (25 October 2007). "AHMAD ZAHIR with Lyrics مجلسی تبله استاد هاشم" – via YouTube.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2009-05-16.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ [2][dead link]
  10. ^ "Storydancer". Storydancer.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-11-11. Retrieved 2009-05-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ John Baily, "Music of Afghanistan: professional musicians in the city of Herat", Cambridge University Press 1988, ISBN 0-521-25000-5
  13. ^ "My world changed forever: life after 9/11". 10 March 2002.