Executive Office for Immigration Review
The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) is an office of the United States Department of Justice and is responsible for adjudicating all immigration cases in the United States. EOIR oversees immigration courts in the United States through the Office of the Chief Immigration Judge. Additionally, the Board of Immigration Appeals, which hears appeals from immigration courts, is part of EOIR.
Seal of the Executive Office for Immigration Review
|Formed||January 9, 1983|
|Jurisdiction||Federal government of the United States|
|Headquarters||Bailey's Crossroads, Virginia (Falls Church mailing address)|
|Annual budget||$304.569 million|
|Parent agency||United States Department of Justice|
|Website||Executive Office for Immigration Review|
The chief function of EOIR is to conduct removal proceedings, which are administrative proceedings to determine the removability and admissibility of individuals in the United States. Removal proceedings are conducted in immigration courts. As of September 7, 2019[update], there are Sixty-Four immigration courts throughout the United States.
Immigration judges are thus employees of the Justice Department in the executive branch, rather than part of the judicial branch defined by Article 3 of the United States Constitution. That status is the subject of ongoing debate among immigration and legal scholars.
- "FY 2014 Congressional Budget Submission" (PDF). Executive Office for Immigration Review. Retrieved 2014-11-12.
- Official website
- Executive Office for Immigration Review in the Federal Register
- List of Immigration Courts
- Center for Immigration Studies Immigration Newsmaker: A Conversation with EOIR Director James McHenry May 3, 2018
- Executive Office for Immigration Review on Twitter
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