Executive Office for Immigration Review

  (Redirected from United States immigration court)

The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) is an office of the United States Department of Justice and is responsible for adjudicating all immigration cases in the United States. EOIR oversees immigration courts in the United States through the Office of the Chief Immigration Judge. Additionally, the Board of Immigration Appeals, which hears appeals from immigration courts, is part of EOIR.

Executive Office for Immigration Review
Seal of the Executive Office for Immigration Review.svg
Seal of the Executive Office for Immigration Review
Agency overview
FormedJanuary 9, 1983
JurisdictionFederal government of the United States
HeadquartersBailey's Crossroads, Virginia (Falls Church mailing address)
Employees1,582 (2014)[1]
Annual budget$304.569 million[1]
Agency executives
  • James McHenry, Director
  • Katherine H. Reilly, Deputy Director
Parent agencyUnited States Department of Justice
Child agency
WebsiteExecutive Office for Immigration Review

The chief function of EOIR is to conduct removal proceedings, which are administrative proceedings to determine the removability and admissibility of individuals in the United States. Removal proceedings are conducted in immigration courts. As of September 7, 2019, there are Sixty-Four immigration courts throughout the United States.

Immigration judges are thus employees of the Justice Department in the executive branch, rather than part of the judicial branch defined by Article 3 of the United States Constitution. That status is the subject of ongoing debate among immigration and legal scholars.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "FY 2014 Congressional Budget Submission" (PDF). Executive Office for Immigration Review. Retrieved 2014-11-12.

External linksEdit