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United States elections, 1980

The 1980 United States elections was held on November 4. These included the 49th presidential election, Senate elections (where 34 seats were decided), and House of Representatives elections (to elect all 435 members of the House for the 97th United States Congress). Other elections were held as well.

1980 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election dayNovember 4
Presidential election
Electoral vote
Ronald Reagan (R)489
Jimmy Carter (D)49
United States presidential election in California, 1980United States presidential election in Oregon, 1980United States presidential election in Washington (state), 1980United States presidential election in Idaho, 1980United States presidential election in Nevada, 1980United States presidential election in Utah, 1980United States presidential election in Arizona, 1980United States presidential election in Montana, 1980United States presidential election in Wyoming, 1980United States presidential election in Colorado, 1980United States presidential election in New Mexico, 1980United States presidential election in North Dakota, 1980United States presidential election in South Dakota, 1980United States presidential election in Nebraska, 1980United States presidential election in Kansas, 1980United States presidential election in Oklahoma, 1980United States presidential election in Texas, 1980United States presidential election in Minnesota, 1980United States presidential election in Iowa, 1980United States presidential election in Missouri, 1980United States presidential election in Arkansas, 1980United States presidential election in Louisiana, 1980United States presidential election in Wisconsin, 1980United States presidential election in Illinois, 1980United States presidential election in Michigan, 1980United States presidential election in Indiana, 1980United States presidential election in Ohio, 1980United States presidential election in Kentucky, 1980United States presidential election in Tennessee, 1980United States presidential election in Mississippi, 1980United States presidential election in Alabama, 1980United States presidential election in Georgia, 1980United States presidential election in Florida, 1980United States presidential election in South Carolina, 1980United States presidential election in North Carolina, 1980United States presidential election in Virginia, 1980United States presidential election in West Virginia, 1980United States presidential election in the District of Columbia, 1980United States presidential election in Maryland, 1980United States presidential election in Delaware, 1980United States presidential election in Pennsylvania, 1980United States presidential election in New Jersey, 1980United States presidential election in New York, 1980United States presidential election in Connecticut, 1980United States presidential election in Rhode Island, 1980United States presidential election in Vermont, 1980United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1980United States presidential election in Maine, 1980United States presidential election in Massachusetts, 1980United States presidential election in Hawaii, 1980United States presidential election in Alaska, 1980United States presidential election in the District of Columbia, 1980United States presidential election in Maryland, 1980United States presidential election in Delaware, 1980United States presidential election in New Jersey, 1980United States presidential election in Connecticut, 1980United States presidential election in Rhode Island, 1980United States presidential election in Massachusetts, 1980United States presidential election in Vermont, 1980United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1980ElectoralCollege1980.svg
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Presidential election results map. Red denotes states/districts won by Republican Ronald Reagan, and Blue denotes those won by Democrat Jimmy Carter. Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state.
Senate elections
Seats contested34 seats of Class III
Net changeRepublicans +12 (Republicans gain control)
1980 Senate election results map
1980 Senate election results map
House elections
Seats contestedAll 435 seats
Net changeRepublicans +34 (Democrats retain control)
1980 House election results map
1980 House election results map
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested15 (13 states, 2 territories)
Net changeRepublican +4
1980 Gubernatorial election results map
1980 Gubernatorial election results map
Legend
  Democratic hold
  Democratic pickup
  Republican pickup
  Republican hold
  Independent hold

The elections saw sweeping gains by the Republican Party in the Senate, House, and in numerous gubernatorial and state races. Republican former California Governor Ronald Reagan defeated Democratic incumbent President Jimmy Carter in a landslide. Additionally, the Republicans gained control of the Senate for the first time in 28 years, and increased their numbers in the House. The Republicans also gained four seats in governors' races.

The wins by Reagan and the Republicans marked the beginning of what is popularly called the "Reagan Revolution"[1] or Reagan Era, and signified a conservative realignment in national politics.

Contents

IssuesEdit

Domestic issuesEdit

The United States in the 1970s underwent "stagflation"—a wrenching period of low economic growth, high inflation and high interest rates and intermittent energy crises.[2] These issues played a large role in the 1980 campaign.

While during Barry Goldwater's 1964 campaign, many voters saw his warnings about a too-powerful government as hyperbolic and only 30% of the electorate agreed that government was too powerful, by 1980 a majority of Americans believed that government held too much power.[3]

Foreign issuesEdit

Events such as the Iran hostage crisis and the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan played a large role in the 1980 elections. America was perceived by many to be weakening as a world power while the Soviet Union was perceived to be strengthening and expanding.

At the time, 60% of Americans polled felt that United States defense spending was too low.[4]

Federal electionsEdit

Presidential electionEdit

Republican Ronald Reagan won the election in a landslide, receiving 489 electoral votes, defeating incumbent Democrat Jimmy Carter, who received 49. Reagan received the highest number of electoral votes ever won by a non-incumbent presidential candidate.

Republican Congressman John B. Anderson, who ran as an independent and received 6.6% of the vote.

Congressional electionsEdit

House of Representatives electionsEdit

Elections were held for all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives. House Democrats won a slim majority of the popular vote (50.5%) and retained a 243 to 193 seat majority, even though Republicans gained 34 seats.[5]

Senate electionsEdit

The 34 seats of Class III of the United States Senate were up for election. Republicans won majority control of the Senate for the first time in 28 years, picking up 12 seats and losing none.

State/territorial electionsEdit

Gubernatorial electionsEdit

Thirteen of the fifty state governorships were up for election. Four state governorships changed hands from Democrat to Republican.

The territorial governorships of American Samoa and Puerto Rico were also up for election.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
  2. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 292. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.
  3. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 283. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.
  4. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 344. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.
  5. ^ "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 4, 1980" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 10 April 2017.

External linksEdit