United States Ambassador to South Vietnam
At the end of World War II in Asia, France attempted to regain control of Vietnam, as part of French Indochina, which it had lost to Japan in 1941. Following the First Indochina War, the country was split into two parts, the North and the South. The southern part was named the State of Vietnam under the leadership of Bảo Đại. In 1950, the United States recognized the Bảo Đại government, established diplomatic relations, and sent its first ambassador to Saigon in South Vietnam, officially known as the Republic of Vietnam following the rise of Ngô Đình Diệm in 1955. The US was opposed to the communist government of the North, led by Hồ Chí Minh, and did not recognize the northern regime.
|Ambassador of the United States to South Vietnam|
Seal of the United States Department of State
|Nominator||The President of the United States|
|Inaugural holder||Donald R. Heath|
as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
|Formation||June 29, 1950|
|Final holder||Graham A. Martin|
|Abolished||April 29, 1975|
U.S. diplomatic terms
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate to remain in office.
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country.
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime".
|Portrait||Name||Type||Title||Appointed||Presented credentials||Terminated mission|
|Donald R. Heath||Career FSO||EE/MP||June 29, 1950||October 22, 1950||June 25, 1952|
|Donald R. Heath||Career FSO||AE/P||June 25, 1952||July 11, 1952||November 14, 1954|
|G. Frederick Reinhardt||Career FSO||AE/P||April 20, 1955||May 28, 1955||February 10, 1957|
|Elbridge Durbrow||Career FSO||AE/P||March 14, 1957||April 16, 1957||May 3, 1961|
|Frederick E. Nolting Jr.||Career FSO||AE/P||March 15, 1961||May 10, 1961||August 15, 1963|
|Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.||Political appointee||AE/P||August 1, 1963||August 26, 1963||June 28, 1964|
|Maxwell D. Taylor||Political appointee||AE/P||July 1, 1964||July 14, 1964||July 30, 1965|
|Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.||Political appointee||AE/P||July 31, 1965||August 25, 1965||April 25, 1967|
|Ellsworth F. Bunker||Political appointee||AE/P||April 5, 1967||April 28, 1967||May 11, 1973|
|Graham A. Martin||Career FSO||AE/P||June 21, 1973||July 20, 1973||April 29, 1975|
|Portrait||Name||Start date||End date|
|U. Alexis Johnson||June 1964||September 1965|
|William J. Porter||September 1965||May 1967|
|Eugene M. Locke||May 1967||January 1968|
|Samuel D. Berger||March 1968||March 1972|
|Charles S. Whitehouse||March 1972||August 1973|
- Heath was also accredited to Cambodia and Laos but resident at Saigon.
- Promoted to Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
- Edmund A. Gullion was serving as Chargé d'affaires ad interim when the Legation in Saigon was raised to Embassy status on Jun 25, 1952.
- Reinhardt was reaccredited when South Vietnam became a republic; presented new credentials on February 24, 1956.