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United Kingdom general election, 1847

United Kingdom general election, 1847

← 1841 29 July – 26 August 1847 (1847-07-29 – 1847-08-26) 1852 →

All 656 seats in the House of Commons
329 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party Third party
  14th Earl of Derby (cropped).jpg Lord john russell.jpg No image.svg
Leader Lord Stanley Lord John Russell John O'Connell
Party Conservative Whig Irish Repeal
Leader since July 1846 October 1842 15 May 1847
Leader's seat House of Lords City of London Limerick City
Last election 367 seats, 50.9% 271 seats, 46.9% 20 seats, 1.9%
Seats won 325[1] 292 36
Seat change Decrease42 Increase21 Increase16
Popular vote 205,481 259,311 14,128
Percentage 42.7% 53.8% 2.9%
Swing Decrease8.2% Increase6.9% Increase1.0%

Prime Minister before election

Lord John Russell
Whig

Appointed Prime Minister

Lord John Russell
Whig

The 1847 United Kingdom general election saw candidates calling themselves Conservatives win the most seats, in part because they won a number of uncontested seats. However, the split among the Conservatives between the majority of Protectionists, led by Lord Stanley, and the minority of free traders, known also as the Peelites, led by former prime minister Sir Robert Peel, left the Whigs, led by Prime Minister Lord John Russell, in a position to continue in government.

The Irish Repeal group won more seats than in the previous general election, while the Chartists gained the only seat they were ever to hold, Nottingham's second seat, held by Chartist leader Feargus O'Connor.

The election also witnessed the election of Britain's first Jewish MP, the Liberal Lionel de Rothschild in the City of London. Members being sworn in were however required to swear the Christian Oath of Allegiance, meaning Rothschild was unable actually to take his seat until the passage of the Jews Relief Act in 1858.

Contents

ResultsEdit

UK General Election 1847
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Whig 292 +21 44.51 53.75 259,311 +6.9
  Conservative 325 −42 49.54 42.59 205,481 −8.2
  Irish Repeal 36 +16 5.49 2.93 14,128 +1.0
  Chartist 1 1 0 +1 0.15 0.59 2,848 0
  Irish Confederation 2 2 0 +2 0.30 0.14 661 N/A

Voting summaryEdit

Popular vote
Whig
53.75%
Conservative
42.59%
Irish Repeal
2.93%
Chartist
0.59%
Others
0.14%

Seats summaryEdit

Parliamentary seats
Whig
44.51%
Conservative
49.54%
Irish Repeal
5.49%
Chartist
0.15%
Others
0.3%

Regional resultsEdit

Great BritainEdit

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 373 180 285 194,223 43.1
Whig 360 125 267 253,376 56.2
Chartist 9 0 1 +1 2,848 0.6
Total 742 305 553   450,447 100
EnglandEdit
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 319 149 239 170,407 42.1
Whig 297 92 222 230,656 57.2
Chartist 9 0 1 +1 2,848 0.7
Total 625 241 462   403,911 100
ScotlandEdit
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Whig 48 21 33 +2 20,092 81.7 +20.9
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 23 16 20 −2 3,509 18.3 −20.0
Total 71 37 53   23,601 100
WalesEdit
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 22 15 20 11,114 89.5
Whig 13 12 12 1,394 10.5
Total 35 27 32   12,508 100

IrelandEdit

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Irish Conservative 38 24 29 −1 10,294 31.0 −6.1
Peelite 11 9 11 964 3.0
Irish Repeal 51 18 36 14,128 43.6
Whig 33 11 25 5,935 20.2
Irish Confederate 3 0 2 629 2.0
Independent 1 0 0 32 0.2
Total 137 62 103 31,982 100

UniversitiesEdit

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 9 0 6   9,193 88.2
Whig 2 0 0   1,234 11.8
Total 11 0 6   10,427 100

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Including Peelites.
  2. ^ Conservative totals include Liberal Conservatives.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit