Partition of Triparadisus

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The Partition of Triparadisus was a power-sharing agreement passed at Triparadisus in 321 BC between the generals (Diadochi) of Alexander the Great, in which they named a new regent and arranged the repartition of the satrapies of Alexander's empire among themselves.[1][2][3] It followed and modified the Partition of Babylon made in 323 BC upon Alexander's death.[4][5]

Following the death of Alexander, the rule of his empire was given to his half-brother Philip Arrhidaeus and Alexander's son Alexander IV.[6] However, since Philip was mentally ill and Alexander IV born only after the death of his father, a regent was named in Perdiccas; in the meantime, the former generals of Alexander were named satraps of the various regions of his empire.[7]

Several satraps were eager to gain more power, and when Ptolemy I Soter, satrap of Egypt, rebelled with other generals, Perdiccas moved against the former but was killed by a mutiny in his camp. Ptolemy declined the regency and instead brought to the office Peithon and Arrhidaeus. This designation met the strong opposition of Eurydice, wife of Philip III, leading, in the meeting called in 321 BC at Triparadisus of all the generals, to their replacement with Antipater.[8] The meeting also proceeded to divide again the satrapies between the various generals.[9]

The treatyEdit

Arrian described the result of the meeting in Events after Alexander, which were transmitted to us by the patriarch Photius (820–897):[10]

"Then and there Antipater made a new division of Asia, wherein he partly confirmed the former and partly annulled it, according as the exigency of affairs required. For, in the first place, Egypt with Libya, and all the vast waste beyond it, and whatever else had been acquired to the westward, he assigned to Ptolemy;[11][10]

for it was deemed no easy matter to dispossess those who had been confirmed in their territories by Alexander himself, their power was grown so strong.

Antigenes was deputed collector of the tribute in the province of Susa, and three thousand of those Macedonians who were the most ready to mutiny, appointed to attend him.

Moreover, he appointed Autolychus the son of Agathocles, Amyntas the son of Alexander and brother of Peucestas, Ptolemy the son of Ptolemy, and Alexander the son of Polyperchon, as guards to surround the king's person.

To his son Cassander he gave the command of the horse; and to Antigonus, the troops that had before been assigned to Perdiccas, and the care and custody of the king's person, with order to prosecute the war against Eumenes. Which done, Antipater himself departed home, much applauded by all, for his wise and prudent management" (Translation John Rooke)

Partition of Babylon Partition of Triparadisus
Role or
Diodorus Siculus Justin Arrian+ /
Diodorus Siculus Arrian
King of Macedon Philip III Philip III Philip III+ Philip III and
Alexander IV
Philip III and
Alexander IV
Regent Perdiccas Perdiccas Perdiccas+ Antipater Antipater
Commander of the Companions Seleucus Seleucus n/a Cassander Cassander
Commander of the Guards n/a Cassander n/a n/a n/a
Macedon Antipater Antipater Antipater+* and
Antipater Antipater
Illyria Antipater Philo Antipater+* and
Antipater Antipater
Epirus Antipater n/a Antipater+* and
Antipater Antipater
Greece Antipater Antipater Antipater+* and
Antipater Antipater
Thrace Lysimachus Lysimachus Lysimachus+* Lysimachus Lysimachus
Hellespontine Phrygia Leonnatus Leonnatus+* Leonnatus Arrhidaeus Arrhidaeus
Greater Phrygia Antigonus Antigonus Antigonus+* Antigonus Antigonus
Pamphylia Antigonus Nearchus Antigonus+* Antigonus Antigonus
Lycia Antigonus Nearchus Antigonus+* Antigonus Antigonus
Caria Asander Cassander Cassander+ Asander Asander
Lydia Menander Menander Menander+* Cleitus the White Cleitus the White
Cappadocia Eumenes Eumenes Eumenes+* Nicanor Nicanor
Paphlagonia Eumenes Eumenes Eumenes+* Nicanor? Nicanor?
Cilicia Philotas Philotas Philotas+* Philoxenus Philoxenus
Egypt Ptolemy Ptolemy Ptolemy+* Ptolemy Ptolemy
Syria Laomedon Laomedon Laomedon+* Laomedon Laomedon
Mesopotamia Arcesilaus Arcesilaus Arcesilaus* Amphimachus Amphimachus
Babylonia Archon Peucestas Seleucus* Seleucus Seleucus
Pelasgia n/a Archon n/a n/a n/a
Greater Media Peithon Atropates Peithon* Peithon Peithon
Lesser Media Atropates Atropates n/a n/a n/a
Susiana n/a Scynus n/a Antigenes Antigenes
Persia Peucestas Tlepolemus Peucestas* Peucestas Peucestas
Carmania Tlepolemus n/a Neoptolemus* Tlepolemus Tlepolemus
Armenia n/a Phrataphernes n/a n/a n/a
Hyrcania Phrataphernes Philip Phrataphernes Philip? Philip?
Parthia Phrataphernes Nicanor n/a Philip Philip
Sogdiana Philip Scythaeus Philip* Stasanor Stasanor
Bactria Philip Amyntas n/a 1 Stasanor Stasanor
Drangiana Stasanor Stasanor Stasanor* Stasander Stasander
Aria Stasanor Stasanor Stasanor* Stasander Stasander
Arachosia Sibyrtius Sibyrtius Sibyrtius* n/a Sibyrtius
Gedrosia Sibyrtius Sibyrtius Sibyrtius* n/a Sibyrtius? 2
Paropamisia Oxyartes Oxyartes? 3 Oxyartes* Oxyartes Oxyartes
Punjab Taxiles Taxiles Taxiles* Taxiles Taxiles
Indus Porus Peithon, son of Agenor Porus* Porus Porus
Gandhara Peithon, son of Agenor Peithon, son of Agenor Peithon, son of Agenor Peithon, son of Agenor Peithon, son of Agenor
Table notes 1 = There is a suggestion in Dexippus and Arrian that Oxyartes was left as satrap of Bactria
2 = Not explicitly stated, but probable
3 = Reading Oxyartes for Justin's "Extarches"


  1. ^ Thirlwall, Connop (1852). "Chapter LVII. Partition of Triparadisus". The History of Greece. Vol. VII. London, United Kingdom: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. pp. 245–246 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Pitt 2016, p. 34, Chapter 2: Methodology.
  3. ^ Pitt 2016, p. 2, Chapter 1: Introduction.
  4. ^ Sylwester, Kevin (1 November 2016). "Appendix: Documentation Regarding Empires" (PDF). On the Duration of Empires (PDF). NIU Department of Economics/SIU School of Analytics, Finance and Economics. DeKalb, Illinois, United States: Northern Illinois University (NIU)/Southern Illinois University (SIU). p. 37.
  5. ^ Tao, Jonathan C. (1 August 2021). "1. Religious Networks of Collaboration: Temple Elite and Scribal Community" (PDF). In Kearns, Catherine; Pillai, Sarath (eds.). Exploitation of Diversity: Seleucid Strategy of Cultural Interaction in Mesopotamia, 311 - 261 BC (PDF). UC Social Sciences Division (MSc). Chicago, Illinois, United States: University of Chicago (UC). p. 8. doi:10.6082/uchicago.3204.
  6. ^ Pitt 2016, p. 27, Chapter 2: Methodology.
  7. ^ Siculus 1933, pp. 5–87, Book XVIII.
  8. ^ Siculus 1933, pp. 191–263, Book XX.
  9. ^ Lloyd, Alan B. (13 November 2019). "Chapter 6. The Defence of Egypt in the Fourth Century BC: Forts and Sundry Failures". In Armstrong, Jeremy; Trundle, Matthew (eds.). Brill's Companion to Sieges in the Ancient Mediterranean. Brill's Companions to Classical Studies: Warfare in the Ancient Mediterranean World. Vol. 3. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers. pp. 111–134. doi:10.1163/9789004413740_007. ISBN 9789004413740. LCCN 2019040236. S2CID 213260321 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ a b Photius (1920). "92. Arrian, Continuation". In Pearse, Roger (ed.). Bibliotheca. Translated by John Henry Freese. London, United Kingdom: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. OCLC 156081816 – via The Tertullian Project.
  11. ^ Slade, Stuart (2014). "Part Three: Third Diadochi War (315-312 BC) [Chapter Two: A War of Alliances]". Alexander's Generals. Lion Publications. p. 227. ISBN 9781939335340 – via Google Books.