Treaty of Örebro

The Treaties of Örebro,[1][a] were both signed on the same day, 18 July 1812, in Örebro, Sweden. Negotiated by the British minister-plenipotentiary in Sweden, Edward Thornton, they formally ended the Anglo-Russian War (1807–1812) and the Anglo-Swedish War (1810–1812), neither of which had seen serious military conflict.[2][3]

Treaty of Örebro
Treaty of Peace, Union, and Friendship, between His Britannic Majesty and the Emperor of all the Russias
Treaty of Peace, Union, and Friendship, between His Britannic Majesty and the King of Sweden
Frederna i Örebro 1812.jpg
Memorial plate from 2012 about the Treaty of Örebro 1812
TypeBilateral treaty
Signed18 July 1812 (1812-07-18)
LocationÖrebro, Sweden
Original
signatories
Ratifiers
  •  Sweden
  •  United Kingdom
  •  Russian Empire
The building in Örebro where the treaties were signed in 1812

NotesEdit

  1. ^ the full names being the Treaty of Peace, Union, and Friendship, between His Britannic Majesty and the Emperor of all the Russias and the Treaty of Peace, Union, and Friendship, between His Britannic Majesty and the King of Sweden

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The treaties were drawn up in French, the lingua franca of diplomacy at that time. Neither the original French nor the official English translation used a diacritic mark when spelling Örebro, so the official name is "Treaty of Orebro" (Great Britain Foreign and Commonwealth Office 1841, p. 13; Hansard 1812, pp. cols. 174, 175).
  2. ^ Great Britain Foreign and Commonwealth Office 1841, pp. 13–17.
  3. ^ Hansard 1812, pp. col. 174–177.

ReferencesEdit

  • Great Britain Foreign and Commonwealth Office (1841), British and Foreign State Papers (1812-1814), 1, H.M. Stationery Office, pp. 13–17
  • Hansard, Thomas Curson (1812), The Parliamentary Debates from the Year 1803 to the Present Time, 24, Hansard, cols. 174–177

External linksEdit