Tooro Kingdom

  (Redirected from Toro (kingdom))

Tooro is one of the five traditional kingdoms located within the borders of Uganda. The current Omukama of Toro is King Rukidi IV. The people native to the kingdom are the Batooro, and their language is likewise called Rutooro.

Kingdom of Tooro

Flag of Tooro
Location of the Tooro Kingdom (red) in Uganda (pink)
Location of the Tooro Kingdom (red)

in Uganda (pink)

Official languagesTooro
Ethnic groups
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
• Omukama
Rukidi IV
• from the Kingdom of Bunyoro
1830, 1876
• Monarchy abolished
• Monarchy reinstated
CurrencyUgandan shilling
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Calling code256
Tooro Palace
The original Kingdom of Tooro (red) and its districts. Lake Victoria and other bodies of water are shaded blue.


It was founded in 1830 when Omukama Kaboyo Olimi I, the eldest son of Omukama of Bunyoro Nyamutukura Kyebambe III of Bunyoro, seceded and established his own independent kingdom. Absorbed into Bunyoro-Kitara in 1876, it reasserted its independence in 1891.

As with Buganda, Bunyoro, and Busoga, Tooro's monarchy was abolished in 1967 by the Government of Uganda, but was reinstated in 1993.

Cultural influenceEdit

The Austrian painter Friedensreich Hundertwasser (1928–2000) spent some time there in the 1960s where he painted a number of works and named them after the kingdom.[1][2]

Abakama of TooroEdit

The following is a list of the Abakama of Tooro since 1800:[3]

  1. Olimi I: 1822–1865
  2. Ruhaga of Toro: 1865–1866
  3. Nyaika Kyebambe I: 1866–1871 and 1871–1872
  4. Rukidi I: 1871
  5. Olimi II: 1872–1875
  6. Rukidi II: 1875–1875
  7. Rububi Kyebambe II: 1875 and 1877–1879
  8. Kakende Nyamuyonjo: 1875–1876 and 1879–1880
  9. Katera: 1876–1877
    1. Interregnum, reverted to Bunyoro: 1880–1891
  10. Kyebambe III: 1891–1928
  11. Rukidi III: 1929–1965
  12. Olimi III: 1965–1967
    1. in pretence: 1967–1993 (monarchy abolished)
  13. Rukidi IV: 1995 (monarchy reinstated)

See alsoEdit


  • Ingham, Kenneth. The Kingdom of Toro in Uganda. London: Methuen, 1975.


External linksEdit