Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (miniseries)
Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy is a 1979 seven-part drama spy miniseries made by BBC TV. John Irvin directed and Jonathan Powell produced this adaptation of John le Carré's novel Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (1974). The mini-series, which stars Alec Guinness, Alexander Knox, Ian Richardson, Michael Jayston, Anthony Bate, Ian Bannen, George Sewell and Michael Aldridge, was shown in the United Kingdom from 10 September to 22 October 1979 and in the United States beginning on 29 September 1980.
|Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy|
|Based on||Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy|
by John le Carré
|Written by||Arthur Hopcraft|
|Screenplay by||John le Carré|
|Directed by||John Irvin|
|Theme music composer||Geoffrey Burgon|
|Country of origin||UK|
|No. of episodes||7|
|Running time||UK – 315 min|
US – 290 min
Paramount Television (North America)
|Original release||10 September –|
22 October 1979
|Followed by||Smiley's People|
In the United States, syndicated broadcasts and DVD releases compressed the seven UK episodes into six, by shortening scenes and altering the narrative sequence. In the UK original, George Smiley visits Connie Sachs before Peter Guillam's burglary of the Circus; the US version reverses the sequence of these events, in line with the time sequence of the novel.
George Smiley (Guinness), deputy head of the British Secret Intelligence Service, is forced into retirement in the wake of Operation Testify, a failed spy mission to Czechoslovakia. Veteran British agent Jim Prideaux (Bannen) had been sent to meet a Czech general, having been told the general had information identifying a deep-cover Soviet spy planted in the highest echelons of British Secret Intelligence Service—known as the Circus, because of its headquarters at Cambridge Circus in London.
The mission proves to be a trap, and Prideaux is captured and brutally tortured by the Soviets. Britain's chief spymaster, known only as Control, is disgraced and soon replaced for his role in Testify by Percy Alleline (Aldridge). Control's obsession with the Soviet mole was not shared by others in the Circus. On the contrary, the British believe they have a mole, Merlin, working for them in Moscow Centre, passing them secrets code-named Operation Witchcraft.
Fears of a mole are revived when Ricki Tarr (Hywel Bennett), a British agent gone missing in Portugal, turns up in England with new evidence backing up Control's theory whilst not identifying the mole. Control had narrowed the list of suspects to five men – Roy Bland, Toby Esterhase, Bill Haydon, Percy Alleline, and George Smiley – all of whom occupied high positions in the Circus. Knowing the Soviet spy is highly placed in the Circus, the British cannot trust the Circus to uncover its own mole or even to let its leaders know of the investigation; Smiley, who had been ousted along with Control while Control's other four suspects were promoted, is recalled to expose the mole.
Under instruction from Oliver Lacon, the civil servant responsible for overseeing the intelligence services, Smiley begins a secret investigation into the events surrounding Operation Testify, believing it will lead him to the identity of the mole, who Moscow Centre has given the cover name Gerald. With the help of his protégé Guillam, who is still in the Circus, he gradually uncovers an ingenious plot, as well as the ultimate betrayal—of country, of the service and of friendship.
- Alec Guinness as George Smiley/"Beggarman"
- Alexander Knox as Control
- Michael Jayston as Peter Guillam
- Anthony Bate as Oliver Lacon
- Bernard Hepton as Toby Esterhase/"Poorman"
- Ian Richardson as Bill Haydon/"Tailor"
- Ian Bannen as Jim Prideaux
- Hywel Bennett as Ricki Tarr
- Michael Aldridge as Percy Alleline/"Tinker"
- Terence Rigby as Roy Bland/"Soldier"
- George Sewell as Mendel
- Beryl Reid as Connie Sachs
- Joss Ackland as Jerry Westerby
- Siân Phillips as Ann Smiley
- Frank Moorey as Lauda Strickland
- Nigel Stock as Roddy Martindale
- John Standing as Sam Collins
- Thorley Walters as Tufty Thessinger
- John Wells as Headmaster
- Patrick Stewart as Karla
- Mandy Cuthbert as Molly Purcell
- Warren Clarke as Alwyn
- Joe Praml as Paul Skordeno
- Susan Kodicek as Irina
- Alec Sabin as Fawn
- Hilary Minster as Boris
- George Pravda as Polyakov
- Duncan Jones as "Jumbo" Roach
Shortly before filming began, Alec Guinness asked author John le Carré to introduce him to a real spy to aid him in preparing for his role. Le Carré invited Guinness to lunch with Sir Maurice Oldfield, who served as Chief of the British Intelligence Service from 1973–1978. During their meal, Guinness intently studied Oldfield for any mannerisms or quirks that he could use in his performance. When he saw Oldfield run his finger around the rim of his wine glass, he asked whether Oldfield was checking for poison—much to Oldfield's astonishment, as he was only checking how clean the glass was. The series was shot on location in Glasgow, at Oxford University in Oxfordshire, England, at Bredon School in Gloucestershire, England (where the character Jim Prideaux was a master), and in London, including some of the Intelligence Agency scenes which were shot at the BBC.
The end credits music, an arrangement of "Nunc dimittis" ("Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace") from the Book of Common Prayer (1662), was composed by Geoffrey Burgon for organ, trumpet, and treble; the score earned Burgon the Ivor Novello Award for 1979 and was a Top 10 hit on the UK Singles Chart. The treble on the original recording, Paul Phoenix, was a tenor in the King's Singers later in his career.
Le Carré cited the series as his favorite film adaptation of his work, attributing this to his experience collaborating with Guinness.
In a retrospective review in The New York Times, Mike Hale lauded Guinness's performance, "It’s conventional wisdom that Guinness’s performance is a landmark in TV history, and you won’t get an argument here, though if you’re watching it for the first time, you may wonder at the start what all the fuss is about." and cited the production's pacing versus current techniques; "Audiences used to the pace of the modern TV crime or espionage drama will need to reorient themselves." Retrospective reviewers favourably compared the series with the 2011 film version, also citing le Carre's praise of the original and referring to Guinness's performance.
|1980||BAFTA TV Award Best Actor||Alec Guinness||Won|
|1980||BAFTA TV Award Best Film Cameraman||Tony Pierce-Roberts||Won|
|1980||BAFTA TV Award Best Actress||Beryl Reid||Nominated|
|1980||BAFTA TV Award Best Costume Design||Joyce Mortlock||Nominated|
|1980||BAFTA TV Award Best Design||Austen Spriggs||Nominated|
|1980||BAFTA TV Award Best Drama Series||Jonathan Powell & John Irvin||Nominated|
|1980||BAFTA TV Award Best Film Sound||Malcolm Webberley||Nominated|
|1980||BAFTA TV Award Best Graphics||Douglas Burd||Nominated|
|1980||BAFTA TV Award Film Editor||Chris Wimble & Clare Douglas||Nominated|
|1980||Broadcasting Press Guild Award Best Actor||Alec Guinness||Won|
|1980||Broadcasting Press Guild Award Best Drama Series||Won|
|1981||Emmy Award for Outstanding Miniseries||Jac Venza (executive producer), Jonathan Powell (producer) and Samuel Paul (series producer)||Nominated|
- Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (2011), a film adaptation of the novel
- Kung, Michelle (2 December 2011). "'Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy' Miniseries Director John Irvin on the New Film". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
the seven-episode series — which was condensed to six episodes for U.S. audiences
- Fletcher, Brett (17 November 2011). "Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy (1979 BBC Miniseries) | Review". GotchaMovies. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- Lim, Dennis (27 November 2011). "A Second Look: 'Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy' miniseries". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- le Carré, John (11 October 2002). "Over lunch, he turned himself into a spy". The Guardian. London. ISSN 0261-3077. OCLC 60623878. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- Powell, Jonathan (25 October 2011). Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy: Production Notes (DVD). Disc 1: Acorn DVD.
- "Geoffrey Burgon, British composer". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- "Voices of angels: child stars". The Daily Telegraph. 17 November 2010.
- le Carré, John (8 March 2002). Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy: A Conversation with John le Carré (DVD). Disc 1.
- Hale, Mike (21 October 2011). "Spycraft Dispensed With Appropriate, Deliberate Speed". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
- Thomas, June (8 December 2011). "Gary Oldman's Good, but Alec Guinness Was Great". Slate. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
- Lane, Anthony (12 December 2011). "I Spy". The New Yorker. Retrieved 30 April 2018.