The Friend, formerly titled The Children's Friend, is a monthly children's magazine published by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). It is aimed at those of Primary age, approximately ages 3 through 12. It includes messages from church leaders, stories, crafts, recipes, and artwork and poetry submitted by readers.
|Editor||Randy D. Funk|
|Publisher||The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|
Some[who?] have traced the precedent for the friend to George Q. Cannon's establishment of the Juvenile Instructor as a "first-class child's paper" in January 1866. Over time though this periodical shifted to being under the organization of the Deseret Sunday School Union and became more aimed at teachers than children.
The church's Primary organization was formed in 1878.[clarification needed] In 1890, the Free Public School Act was passed by the Utah Territorial, establishing schools in the territory. Funded by taxpayers, LDS Church doctrine could not be taught in the public schools, which concerned the Primary General President, Louie B. Felt, who said, "If there was a time when it was important to attend to the spiritual education of our children, it is now when so many of our little ones attend the district school, where religion is forbidden to be taught." May Anderson, secretary to the Primary General Presidency, first suggested the idea for a periodical for children in 1893. The Children's Friend was ultimately under control of the Primary organization.
The Children's FriendEdit
By 1896, the Primary General Presidency began lobbying for its own publication, making several appeals to the First Presidency, but were denied because, "it was too great an undertaking." In 1899, the Primary general board published the Primary Helper, a booklet that sold for 15 cents, but it was unsuccessful and only ran for one volume. In 1901, the First Presidency approved publishing a magazine they called The Children's Friend, with the stipulation that the LDS Church would not provide any financial assistance, and if it failed the church would not pay the debts.
The men in the printing office discouraged Felt and Anderson from printing the magazine, one of them stating, "Don't do it. Don't do it. Magazines run by women always fail. Take my advice and drop the idea." In November 1901, an office building was secured and Anderson became the first editor. Felt put up her home as collateral and Anderson quit her job to work full time on Primary. The magazine was first published in January 1902, and was financially stable. In the first issue, Felt wrote, "With feelings of intense joy, deep devotion and profound gratitude we introduce this little book. Hope and fear alternately plead for supremacy and we humbly ask that you will exercise charity and assist us by your faith and prayers."
The initial print run was 2,000, with it increased to 4,000 the following year. By 1906, after improvements to the magazine and sales representatives created in each ward, circulation increased to 20,000. In 1924, the magazine changed to a larger size, with two colors in the cover, and included picture and serial stories. In the 1940s, center pages featured cut-out crafts for children, and lessons for children were eliminated. By 1970, circulation was at 170,000.: 234–236 The Primary General President often doubled as editor of The Children's Friend.
The Children's Friend changed its title to The Friend at the end of 1970. The Friend has been published since January 1971. The First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of the LDS Church began to oversee the magazine that year. Contents included "illustrated stories, quotes and messages from church general authorities, recipes, games, activities, suggestions for Family Home Evening, gospel art, and so on." This change also made The Friend an official vehicle for communication of the church to its members.
Gordon B. Hinckley, then a member of the Quorum of the Twelve, explained in an article in the December Improvement Era some of the reasoning behind the name change. He wrote, "The name of the magazine will ... simply be the Friend, dropping the word Children's, because when some youngsters get to be ten and eleven years of age, they think they are no longer children. But they still need a Friend.
In 2012, the magazine's contents were described by the Deseret News: "The Friend magazine has incorporated scriptures throughout the magazine. Each article is based on a scripture, includes different stories about Jesus and a poster is found each month titled 'Bright Ideas' that has an easy scripture for children to memorize." The Salt Lake Tribune criticized a 2013 article about the mothers of LDS Church presidents published in The Friend for not including the names of the mothers. In 2015, its circulation was estimated to be 275,000. That same year, the magazine ran an initiative where children sent in paper cutouts of their hands with an act of service they performed written on them; over 30,000 of these "helping hands" were received from children worldwide.
In 2016, the magazine's article "Savannah the Engineer," about a young girl who enters a battery-powered-car-designing contest, was viewed by one LDS feminist as one of several instances of increasing gender equality in LDS Church-affiliated organizations.
As part of a panel at the UNICEF Humanitarian Action for Children in December 2019, Joy D. Jones mentioned that The Friend would publish articles for children about "safe health practice, including hand washing, mosquito nets, removal of standing water, immunizations, exercise, and nutrition" the following year. In August 2020, the church announced that beginning in January 2021, The Friend would change from being published only in English to being published in a total of 23 languages every month, with another 24 language editions published bimonthly.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2020)
Editors of The Children's FriendEdit
- May Anderson (1902–40)
- May Green Hinckley (1940–43): 237
- Adele C. Howells (1943–51): 237
- LaVern W. Parmley (1951–70): 237
Editors of The FriendEdit
Since 1977, the editor of The Friend has been a general authority of the LDS Church.
- Doyle L. Green (1971–75)
- Dean L. Larsen (1977–78)
- James E. Faust (1979)
- M. Russell Ballard (1980–84)
- Carlos E. Asay (1985–86)
- Hugh W. Pinnock (1987–89)
- Rex D. Pinegar (1994)
- Joe J. Christensen (1994–95)
- Jack H. Goaslind (1996–98)
- Marlin K. Jensen (1999–2000)
- Dennis B. Neuenschwander (2001–04)
- Jay E. Jensen (2005–08)
- Spencer J. Condie (2008–10)
- Paul B. Pieper (2010–12)
- Craig A. Cardon (2012–15)
- Joseph W. Sitati (2015–17)
- Hugo E. Martinez (2017–18)
- Randy D. Funk (2018–)
- Jones, Amy (2019-10-31). Novel and Short Story Writer's Market 2020: The Most Trusted Guide to Getting Published. Penguin. ISBN 978-1-4403-5493-9.
- Gillespie, Gary. "The Friend." Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saints History. Arnold K. Garr etl. al, ed. p. 401.
- Church Educational System, Church History in the Fulness of Times, rev. ed., Salt Lake City: LDS Church, 1993, p. 410
- Benowitz, June Melby (2017-08-18). Encyclopedia of American Women and Religion, 2nd Edition [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-4408-3987-0.
- Oman, Susan Staker. "Nurturing LDS Primaries: Louie Felt and May Anderson, 1880-1940." Utah Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, Number 3, Summer 1981.
- Jenson, Andrew (1936). Latter-day Saint biographical encyclopedia: A compilation of biographical sketches of prominent men and women in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. 4. Salt Lake City, Utah: The Andrew Jenson Memorial Association (Printed by The Deseret News Press). pp. 5639 271, 5896 273. ISBN 1-58958-026-5.
- Benson, RoseAnn (2019). "Sarah Louisa Bouton Felt: Thousands Called Her Mother". BYU Studies Quarterly. 58 (1).
- Harward, Conrad. "A History of the Growth and Development of the Primary Association of the LDS Church From 1878 to 1928". Brigham Young University.
- Bigelow, Christopher Kimball; Langford, Jonathan (2019). Latter-day Saint Family Encyclopedia. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781684127832.
- Arave, Lynn. "LDS Church terms no longer in use", Deseret News, 24 January 2008. Retrieved on 24 March 2020.
- Hansen, Ralph W. "Among the Mormons: A Survey of Current Literature." Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought. Winter 1970, Vol. 5, No. 4 (Winter 1970), pp. 113-120. University of Illinois Press.
- Pugmire, Genelle (March 27, 2016). "Mischievous boys set stage for creation of the LDS Primary". Daily Herald. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
- Hinckley, Gordon B. "A Friend for Every Child." Improvement Era 73 (December 1970): p. 97-98. quoted in Gary Gillespie. The Friend in Arnold K. Garr etl. al, ed. Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saints History, p. 401-402
- Petersen, Sarah. "Interactive scripture games, apps for kids", Deseret News, 18 October 2012. Retrieved on 24 March 2020.
- Stack, Peggy Fletcher (2013-05-06). "Something's missing from story on Mormon prophets' moms". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
- Sambuchino, Chuck; Underdown, Harold (2014). 2015 Children's Writer's & Illustrator's Market: The Most Trusted Guide to Getting Published. Penguin. ISBN 9781599638669.
- Cannon, Austin (2015-05-20). "The Church Is Asking Kids Everywhere to Help With This Fun Service Project". LDS Living. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
- "Thanks for Your Helping Hands!". www.churchofjesuschrist.org. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
- Stack, Peggy Fletcher. "Mormon feminists score small gains — in word, in song, in lessons, and, they hope, in life", The Salt Lake Tribune, 9 February 2016. Retrieved on 24 March 2020.
- UNICEF Humanitarian Action for Children (Video). UNICEF. 2019. Event occurs at 24:35.
- Walker, Colby (2020-08-14). "Church moves to three international magazines starting in 2021". KSLNewsRadio. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
- Stauffer, McKenzie (2020-08-14). "LDS Church to replace 'Ensign,' 'New Era' with global magazines". KUTV. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
- Means, Sean P. (2020-08-14). "LDS Church phasing out Ensign, its 50-year-old magazine, for new global publications". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2020-09-17.