The Body Snatcher (film)
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The Body Snatcher is a 1945 horror film directed by Robert Wise based on the short story "The Body Snatcher" by Robert Louis Stevenson. The film's producer Val Lewton helped adapt the story for the screen, writing under the pen name of "Carlos Keith". The film was marketed with the tagline "The screen's last word in shock sensation!" The frequent mentions of Burke, Hare, and Dr. Knox, all refer to the West Port murders in 1828.
|The Body Snatcher|
|Directed by||Robert Wise|
|Produced by||Val Lewton|
|Screenplay by||Philip MacDonald|
|Story by||Robert Louis Stevenson|
|Music by||Roy Webb|
|Cinematography||Robert De Grasse|
|Edited by||J.R. Whittredge|
RKO Radio Pictures
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
|May 25, 1945|
Mrs. Marsh (Rita Corday) visits the house of Dr. Wolfe "Toddy" MacFarlane (Henry Daniell), seeking a cure for her paraplegic daughter Georgina (Sharyn Moffett). MacFarlane suggests surgery for the girl, but insists that he cannot perform the operation himself because his teaching position keeps him too busy. Later that night, MacFarlane's prize student Donald Fettes (Russell Wade) tells the doctor he cannot afford to continue his studies. MacFarlane offers Fettes a job as a lab assistant to help with an experiment he is planning.
Fettes is awakened in the middle of the night by John Gray (Boris Karloff), a cab driver and graverobber, who has arrived to deliver a corpse to MacFarlane to dissect in one of his classes. Later, MacFarlane and Fettes go to an inn and run into Gray, who threatens to reveal MacFarlane's "dark secret" if he doesn't operate on Georgina. MacFarlane initially agrees, but later tries to renege on his promise. Fettes asks Gray to get another human specimen so that Georgina might have hope of walking again. After visiting Gray, Fettes gives a coin to a blind street singer (Donna Lee). He is shocked when Gray arrives later at the lab with a corpse that resembles the singer.
Fettes shows MacFarlane the body and accuses Gray of murder. The conversation is overheard by Joseph (Bela Lugosi), MacFarlane's other assistant. MacFarlane tells Fettes that he could be arrested as an accomplice and advises him not to notify the police. Georgina recovers from the surgery, but she is still unable to walk. MacFarlane is tortured by his failure, and goes to the inn to drown his sorrows. Gray shows up and torments him about their "secret".
Joseph visits Gray and attempts to blackmail him to keep quiet about his body snatching operation. Gray tells Joseph the story of the infamous murderers Burke and Hare, and reveals that they procured bodies for Dr. Knox, MacFarlane's mentor. Gray promises to pay Joseph, but smothers him to death when the other man allows him to get too close. Later, he delivers the body to MacFarlane's lab as a "gift". Meg Camden (Edith Atwater), MacFarlane's housekeeper and secret wife, tells Fettes that Gray admitted to robbing graves during the Burke and Hare trial in order to shield the real perpetrator - MacFarlane. Later, MacFarlane offers Gray money to stop tormenting him. Gray refuses to take the bribe, and vows that the doctor will never be rid of him. Enraged, MacFarlane beats Gray to death.
Fettes meets with Mrs. Marsh and Georgina. The girl hears horses nearby and stands up to see them; the operation was a success after all. Fettes rushes to tell MacFarlane the good news, but Meg tells him that the doctor has gone to another town to sell Gray's horse and carriage.
Fettes finds MacFarlane at a tavern. He tells Fettes that he plans to rob a freshly dug grave. Fettes sees no alternative than to assist the doctor, and they load the unearthed corpse onto Gray's carriage. As they drive through a storm, MacFarlane hears Gray taunting him from the back of the carriage. He stops the carriage and orders Fettes to check the body. When he uncovers the body and shines a light on it, MacFarlane sees Gray's corpse. The horses, spooked by the storm, bolt. The carriage breaks loose and falls over a cliff with MacFarlane and the corpse. Fettes looks down at the wreck and sees MacFarlane's corpse, next to that of a woman.
- Boris Karloff as Cabman John Gray
- Béla Lugosi as Joseph
- Henry Daniell as Dr. Wolfe "Toddy" MacFarlane
- Edith Atwater as Meg Camden
- Russell Wade as Donald Fettes
- Rita Corday as Mrs. Marsh
- Sharyn Moffett as Georgina Marsh
- Donna Lee as the Street Singer
- Ted Billings as Townsman (uncredited)
- Ethan Laidlaw as Pub Patron (uncredited)
The Body Snatcher was one of three films that Boris Karloff did with RKO Radio Pictures from 1945 to 1946, which were produced by Val Lewton. The other two films were Isle of the Dead (1945) and Bedlam (1946).
In a 1946 interview with Louis Berg of the Los Angeles Times, Karloff discussed his reasons for leaving Universal Pictures and working with Lewton. Achieving stardom with Frankenstein (1931), he felt that the franchise had run its course. He called House of Frankenstein (1944), the last installment, a "monster clambake" that includes Frankenstein's monster, Count Dracula, The Wolf Man and a hunchback. Finding it ridiculous, he decided not to renew his contract with Universal, though the film performed at box office, and stated that Lewton at RKO was "the man who rescued him from the living dead and restored, so to speak, his soul."
The production of the film took place around the same time as Isle of the Dead, with Lewton having a role as a screenwriter in both films. Lewton, along with British screenwriter Philip MacDonald, adapted the 1884 short story "The Body Snatcher" by Robert Louis Stevenson. Lewton wrote under the pen name "Carlos Keith".
Bela Lugosi, who became famous with another Universal classic, Dracula (1931), also signed a deal with RKO. Lewton and MacDonald eventually wrote a small role for him; it became the last film Lugosi and Karloff made together.
Robert Wise – later best-known for his work in The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951), West Side Story (1961), The Sound of Music (1965), and The Sand Pebbles (1966) – was assigned to direct the film. Longtime film editor at RKO, he had replaced the original director on The Curse of the Cat People (1944) when it fell behind schedule and Lewton, who produced it, decided to promote him to his superiors.
Principal photography of The Body Snatcher ran October 25-November 17, 1944. During filming, there was tension between Lewton and executive producer Jack J. Gross. Gross sent Lewton into production of the film with a low budget. 
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- Mank, Lugosi and Karloff, p. 516
- Jacobs, More Than a Monster, pp. 300–304
- Hanson, AFI Catalog, p. 270.
- Louis Berg (12 May 1946). "Farewell to Monsters" (PDF). The Los Angeles Times. p. F12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2009. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- Gehring, Wes D (2012). Robert Wise: Shadowlands. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society Press. p. 71-78. ISBN 978-0-87195-296-7.
- Keenan, Richard C. (2007). The Films of Robert Wise. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810858855.
- "The Body Snatcher (1945) - Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes.com. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- Hanson, Patricia King, ed. (1971). AFI Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-52021-521-4.
- Jacobs, Stephen (2011). Boris Karloff: More Than a Monster. Tomahawk Press. pp. 300–304. ISBN 978-0-95576-704-3.
- Mank, Gregory (2009). Bela Lugosi and Boris Karloff: the expanded story of a haunting collaboration, with a complete filmography of their films together. McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-3480-0.