Telugu Ganga project

  (Redirected from Telugu Ganga)

The Telugu Ganga project is a joint water supply scheme implemented in 1980s by the then Andhra Pradesh chief minister N.T.Ramarao and Tamilnadu Chief minister M. G. Ramachandran to provide drinking water to Chennai city in Tamil Nadu. It is also known as the Krishna Water Supply Project, since the source of the water is the Krishna river in erstwhile Andhra Pradesh. Water is drawn from the Srisailam reservoir and diverted towards Chennai through a series of inter-linked canals, over a distance of about 406 kilometres (252 mi), before it reaches the destination at the Poondi reservoir near Chennai. The main checkpoints en route include the Somasila reservoir in Penna River valley, the Kandaleru reservoir, the 'Zero Point' near Uthukkottai where the water enters Tamil Nadu territory and finally, the Poondi reservoir, also known as Satyamurthy Sagar. From Poondi, water is distributed through a system of link-canals to other storage reservoirs located at Red Hills, Sholavaram and Chembarambakkam.

Telugu Ganga canal in Atmakur, Andhra Pradesh
Poondi reservoir

The project was approved in 1977 after an agreement was reached between Tamil Nadu and the riparian states of Krishna river: Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka. According to the agreement, each of the three riparian states were to contribute 5 billion cubic feet (140×10^6 m3) of water annually, for a total supply of 15 billion cubic feet (420×10^6 m3).[1] This number was revised down to 12 billion cubic feet (340×10^6 m3) in 1983 after accounting for seepage and evaporation losses.

The water initially supplied by the canal was disappointing, delivering less than 500 million cubic feet (14×10^6 m3). In 2002, the religious leader Sathya Sai Baba announced a scheme of restoration and lining of the canal; a private undertaking. With an extensive rebuilding of the canal and several reservoirs, the project was completed in 2004, when Poondi reservoir received Krishna water for the first time.[2] The supply of water to Chennai city in 2006 was 3.7 billion cubic feet (100×10^6 m3).[3] After the re-lining and reconstruction, the Kandaleru-Poondi part of the canal was renamed Sai Ganga.[4][5][6]

Jerdon's CourserEdit

The area has however continued to be threatened by illegal construction work and activity related to a project proposed to link the rivers of India.[7][8]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Shiva, Vandana (1991). Ecology and the Politics of Survival: Conflicts Over Natural Resources in India. Sage Publications, New Delhi. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  2. ^ "Kandaleru water reaches Satyamurthi Sagar". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 8 March 2004. Archived from the original on 8 May 2004. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  3. ^ "AP to release Krishna waters to Chennai". The Tribune. 6 August 2006. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  4. ^ "Chennai benefits from Sai Baba's initiative". The Hindu. 1 December 2004. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  5. ^ The Hindu: Project Water by Hiramalini Seshadri, 25 June 2003, Available online Archived 26 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Water projects: CM all praise for Satya Sai Trust". The Hindu. 13 February 2004. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  7. ^ Kohli, Kanchi (2006). "Illegal construction threatens Courser". Civil Society Information Exchange Pvt. Ltd.
  8. ^ Jeganathan, P.; Rahmani, A.R. & Green, R.E. (2005). Construction of Telugu-Ganga Canal in and around two protected areas in Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Immediate threat to the world population of the critically endangered Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus. Survey Report. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Krishna Water". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 6 May 2004. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  2. "Krishna water project hits milestone". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 20 January 2007. Archived from the original on 22 January 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  1. Nikku, Bala Raju (August 2004). "Water Rights, Conflicts and Collective Action: Case of Telugu Ganga Project, India" (PDF). The Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for theStudy of Common Property. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  2. "Interlinking of Rivers in India". Govt. of India. 11 August 2003. Retrieved 17 September 2007.

Coordinates: 15°54′06″N 78°25′25″E / 15.90167°N 78.42361°E / 15.90167; 78.42361