The Eastern Trade Fair or Targi Wschodnie in Polish (Polish pronunciation: [ˈtarɡʲi ˈfsxɔdɲɛ]) was a major trade fair in interbellum Poland. It was established in 1921 in Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine) right after the end of hostilities there; designed to facilitate new business partnerships from within Poland but also with Greater Romania, Hungary and the Soviet Union among other places. The geographic location near the border with several foreign countries gave it an important role in stimulating international trade and fostering Poland's economic development.
The Eastern Trade Fair was held in Lwów's most attractive city park, called Stryj Park (Park Stryjski in Polish), where the famous Racławice Panorama was exhibited during the National Exhibition of 1894, next to the newly built Palace of Art (now an indoor swimming pool). Some 130 new pavilions were erected in 1921 from designs by Eugeniusz Czerwiński and Alfred Zachariewicz. The annual trade fair was held there 18 times before the invasion.
The opening ceremony of the first Eastern Trade Fair held on September 25, 1921, was marred by the failed attempt by a Ukrainian extremist, Stepan Fedak, to assassinate Poland's Chief of State, Józef Piłsudski. While Piłsudski dodged the bullets, the Lwów Province Governor, Kazimierz Grabowski, was wounded.
By 1928, the Fair could boast some 1,600 exhibitors, about 400 being foreign firms. That year, the event attracted 150,000 visitors. The exhibition grounds comprised some 220,000 square metres (2,400,000 sq ft), with 46 pavilions and other buildings of some 20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft) of total exhibit space, as well as some 15,000 m2 (160,000 sq ft) of outdoor show areas.
The fairground had its own rail siding with freight station and warehouses, a customs area and customs office, a telephone exchange and post office, and tram connections to the city. The last fair took place in 1938. The next event was going to take place between September 2, and September 12, 1939, but was shortened after one week because of joint Nazi and Soviet attack on Poland.
- LWÓW 1929 directory, retrieved November 9, 2007. (in Polish)
- Patrice M. Dabrowski (Sep 21, 2004). "The Lwów Exposition of 1894". Commemorations and the Shaping of Modern Poland. Indiana University Press. pp. 118–119. ISBN 0253110289. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
- Aleksander Nikodemowicz (2006). "Targi Wschodnie we Lwowie". Kwartalniki (in Polish). Cracovia Leopolis. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
- Kalicki, Włodzimierz. "25 IX 1921. Kula w rękawie" Gazeta Wyborcza, retrieved on November 10, 2007. (in Polish)
- LWÓW 1929 directory, retrieved on November 9, 2007. (in Polish)