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In Greek mythology, Stymphalus or Stymphalos (Ancient Greek: Στύμφαλος) may refer to the following personages:

  • Stymphalus, one of the sons of King Lycaon of Arcadia.[1]
  • Stymphalus, king of Arcadia and son of Elatus and Laodice.[2]
  • Stymphelus (Στύμφηλος), a son of Ares and Dormothea, who threw himself into the Arcadian river Nyctimus grieving over the death of his brother Alcmaeon, whereupon the river was renamed Stymphelus after him and bore this name until it was changed to Alpheus, allegedly after a descendant of Helios who too flung himself into the river to escape prosecution by the Erinyes over the murder of his brother Cercaphus.[3]


  1. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.8.1
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.9.1
  3. ^ Pseudo-Plutarch, De fluviis 19.1


  • Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, Morals translated from the Greek by several hands. Corrected and revised by. William W. Goodwin, PH. D. Boston. Little, Brown, and Company. Cambridge. Press Of John Wilson and son. 1874. 5. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.