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South African braille

  (Redirected from Sotho Braille)

Several braille alphabets are used in South Africa. For English, Unified English Braille has been adopted. Nine other languages have been written in braille: Afrikaans, Ndebele, Sotho, Northern Sotho, Swazi, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, and Zulu.[1] All print alphabets are restricted to the basic Latin alphabet, with diacritics in some cases; the braille alphabets are likewise basic braille with additional letters to render the diacritics.

Basic braille alphabet
⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)
a b c d e f g h i j k l m
⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)
n o p q r s t u v w x y z

The Nguni languages – Ndebele, Swazi, Xhosa, and Zulu – have no diacritics and will not be discussed further. The braille diacritics are shared by South African languages and are described in the sections that follow.

Punctuation for all South African braille alphabets is as in English Braille.


Afrikaans BrailleEdit

Afrikaans Braille
Languages Afrikaans
Parent systems
  • South African
    • Afrikaans Braille
Print basis
Afrikaans alphabet

Afrikaans has braille cells for acute, ; grave, ; circumflex, ; and diaeresis, :

á, é, í, ó, ú, ý
à, è
ê, î, ô, û
ë, ï, ö, ü

Sotho and Tswana BrailleEdit

Sotho Braille
Tswana Braille
Languages Sotho, Northern Sotho, Tswana
Parent systems
  • South African
    • Sotho Braille
Print basis
Sotho alphabet
Tswana alphabet

Sotho and Tswana treat the caron (haček) as an acute:

ê, ô, : š

Venda BrailleEdit

Venda Braille
Languages Venda
Parent systems
  • South African
    • Venda Braille

Venda has a unique letter, , for the subscript circumflex, and treats as acute:

, , , ,


  1. ^ Ethnologue 17 reports that Tsonga is also written in braille.