Sorqan Shira

  (Redirected from Sorgan Sira)

Sorqan Shira or Sorgan Shira (Mongolian: Сорхон Шира) — was one of the Nine Ministers of Genghis Khan and ancestor of Chupanids. He belonged to Suldus clan of Taichiuds, originally being a farmworker under Taichiud chief Todoene-Girte.

Sorqan Shira
RankGeneral of Mongol Empire


Sorqan Shira first appears in The Secret History of the Mongols, when Temujin manages to escape from the Taichiud captivity in 1177. Passing by Sorgan-Shira noticed a young man hiding in a river backwater, but reassured him, promising not to give out. Several times, Sorgan Shira persuaded the pursuers to continue the search for the fugitive elsewhere. As soon as they dispersed, Temujin headed for his savior's yurt, hoping for further help. Frightened by a possible revelation, Sorgan Shira was about to refuse Temujin, but his Chilaun and Chimbay stood up for the young Temujin.[1] They removed and burned the block into which Temujin had been chained, and Sorgan himself hid him in a pile of sheep's wool, instructing his daughter Qa'daan to look after the fugitive.[2]

He was found by Genghis Khan in 1201, after a battle with Taichiuds. Submitting to Genghis Khan, Sorgan Shira and his sons became generals for Genghis, his son Chilaun personally killed Taichiud chief Targutai-Kiriltukh. He was among 95 generals who were granted a mingghan during coronation of Genghis Khan in 1206.[3]





  1. ^ Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia. Rutgers University Press. pp. 200. ISBN 978-0-8135-1304-1.
  2. ^ Sneath, David; Kaplonski, Christopher (2010-05-01). The History of Mongolia (3 Vols.). Global Oriental. p. 131. ISBN 978-90-04-21635-8.
  3. ^ Oskenbay, Moldir & Omarbekov, T. & Habizhanova, G. & Galiya, I.. (2016). Turkic genealogical traditions: New insights on the origins of chinggis-qan. 96. 3179-3199.