Sing Buri Province
Sing Buri (Thai: สิงห์บุรี, pronounced [sǐŋ būrīː]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Nakhon Sawan, Lopburi, Ang Thong, Suphan Buri, and Chai Nat.
Monument of eleven leaders of Khai Bangrachan
Land of heroes and courageous people, the reclining Buddha image, famous fish of Mae La, and the trading area of the central region
Map of Thailand highlighting Sing Buri Province
|Capital||Sing Buri town|
|• Total||822 km2 (317 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 74th|
|• Rank||Ranked 75th|
|• Density||254.7/km2 (660/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 13th|
|Human Achievement Index|
|• HAI (2017)||0.6111 "somewhat high"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-17|
The word sing originates from Sanskrit singh meaning 'lion' and buri, from Sanskrit puri meaning buri mueang 'fortified city' or 'town'. Hence the literal translation is 'lion city', sharing the same root as Singapore.
Sing Buri is on the flat river plain of the Chao Phraya River valley.
The area of Sing Buri held an important position in early Thai history from the Dvaravati period down to the Ayutthaya period. Formerly the province was separated into three small provinces, In Buri, Prom Buri, and Sing Buri, which were unified by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) in 1895.
The provincial seal shows the fort of Khai Bangrachan, a historical monument. When the Burmese attacked Ayutthaya in 1765, 11 villagers from Bangrachan fought the army when it stopped north of Ayutthaya. They managed to delay them for five months before they were finally defeated, soon thereafter Ayutthaya fell as well. Annually on 4 February a ceremony is held in remembrance of these local heroes. This story was also made into a movie in Thailand.
The provincial tree is the Red Sandalwood Tree (Adenanthera pavonina).
Human achievement index 2017Edit
|HAI indices||Map||Index||Rank list|
|Housing and environment||6||0.9107||25th|
|Family and community life||7||0.4396||71st|
|Transport and communication||8||0.7163||11th|
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.
Province Sing Buri, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6111, takes the 22nd place in the rankings. This is "somewhat high" between the values of 0.5949 and 0.6246.
|Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings|
Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.
- Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
- "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 58–59. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9
- "Sing Buri". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 6 May 2015.