Encoder (digital)

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An encoder (or "simple encoder") in digital electronics is a one-hot to binary converter. That is, if there are 2n input lines, and at most only one of them will ever be high, the binary code of this 'hot' line is produced on the n-bit output lines. A binary encoder is the dual of a binary decoder.

A General encoder's block diagram.
A General encoder's block diagram.

For example, a 4-to-2 simple encoder takes 4 input bits and produces 2 output bits. The illustrated gate level example implements the simple encoder defined by the truth table, but it must be understood that for all the non-explicitly defined input combinations (i.e., inputs containing 0, 2, 3, or 4 high bits) the outputs are treated as don't cares.[1]

Gate level circuit diagram of a single bit 4-to-2 line encoder
4 to 2 Simple Encoder
I3 I2 I1 I0 O1 O0 ع
0 0 0 0 x x 0
0 0 0 1 0 0 1
0 0 1 0 0 1 1
0 1 0 0 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 1 1 1

If the input circuit can guarantee at most a single-active input, a simple encoder is a better choice than a priority encoder, since it requires less logic to implement. However, a simple encoder can generate an incorrect output when more than a single input is active, so a priority encoder is required in such cases.

Types of encoderEdit

 -to-n encodersEdit

A  -to-n encoder has n number of outputs in correspondence to the   number of inputs. It thus reduces the number of transmission lines and can be compared to a multiplexer. Only one of the inputs become "high" (logic state "1") at a time.

Some typical examples would be 4:2 encoder, 8:3 encoder, 16:4 encoders etc.

4-to-2 encoderEdit

 
A simple 4:2 Encoder using OR gate.

8-to-3 encoderEdit

 
The image represents a 8:3 encoder. 4-input OR gates have been used for simplicity; one can also use 3 2-input OR gates.
A Truth Table representing 8:3 Encoder.
INPUT OUTPUT
D[7] D[6] D[5] D[4] D[3] D[2] D[1] D[0] Q[2] Q[1] Q[0]
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 X X X
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Binary Encoders And Their Applications". Electronics Hub. 2015-06-29. Retrieved 2017-05-01.