Siege of the Acropolis (1826–1827)

The Second Siege of the Acropolis in 1826–1827 during the Greek War of Independence involved the siege of the Acropolis of Athens, the last fortress still held by the Greek rebels in Central Greece, by the forces of the Ottoman Empire.

Second Siege of the Acropolis
Part of the Greek War of Independence
Siège de l'Acropoles.jpg
Siege of the Acropolis
by Georg Perlberg
DateAugust 1826 – 24 May 1827 (O.S.)
Location37°58′45.98″N 23°42′58.00″E / 37.9794389°N 23.7161111°E / 37.9794389; 23.7161111Coordinates: 37°58′45.98″N 23°42′58.00″E / 37.9794389°N 23.7161111°E / 37.9794389; 23.7161111
Result

Ottoman victory

  • Capture of the Acropolis
Belligerents
Greece First Hellenic Republic Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Georgios Karaiskakis
Yiannis Gouras  
Yiannis Makriyiannis
Charles Nicolas Fabvier
Vasos Mavrovouniotis
Reşid Mehmed Pasha
Strength
6,000 10,000
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown
Siege of the Acropolis (1826–1827) is located in Athens
Siege of the Acropolis (1826–1827)
Location within Athens
Siege of the Acropolis (1826–1827) is located in Greece
Siege of the Acropolis (1826–1827)
Siege of the Acropolis (1826–1827) (Greece)

HistoryEdit

Following the fall of Missolonghi in western Greece, Athens and the Acropolis remained the only strongholds in Greek hands in mainland Greece outside the Peloponnese. Consequently, after his victory at Missolonghi, the Ottoman commander-in-chief, Reşid Mehmed Pasha, turned against Athens. The siege began at 25th August 1826, and followed closely the experience of Missolonghi: the Ottomans set up a very close blockade and bombarded the hill, while the besieged harassed them with frequent night sorties and mining, utilizing the expertise of Konstantinos Chormivitis, who had already distinguished himself in Missolonghi. The Beleaguered Greeks were resupplied and reinforced by small detachments sent through the Ottoman lines by the main Greek army, under Georgios Karaiskakis, which had established itself around Eleusis, Piraeus and Phaleron to the south of Athens. The Greeks launched various attacks against the Ottoman army's rear and its supply lines, most notably the victory at the Battle of Arachova in November ; this strategy was altered in favour of direct attacks on the Ottoman army, resulting in the Battle of Kamatero in February. The command was transferred from Karaiskakis to the British general Richard Church in April.

The Ottoman victory at Phaleron (Analatos) on 24 April (Julian) 1827 ended any possibility for relief, and the Acropolis garrison surrendered a month later.

ReferencesEdit