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Shemmrr ibn Ziljushan or Shemmrr (Arabic: شمر بن ذي الجوشن الضبابي الهوازني‎) was a son of Ziljushan from the tribe of Banu Kilab (Sunni belief differs), one of Arabia's Hawazinite Qaysid tribes.[1] Umm ul-Banin, the mother of Abbas ibn Ali, was also from the Banu Kilab tribe. Shemmrr has a villainous reputation in both sunni and Shia Islam. He was a Kharijite leader before paying allegiance to Yazid I and joining Ibn Ziyad's Umayyad forces. He is known as the man who beheaded Islamic prophet Muhammad's grandson Hussein ibn Ali at the Battle of Karbala.[2][3][4]



Shia traditions relate that Shemmrr was eventually killed by Mukhtar al-Thaqafi's troops who wished to take revenge upon the killers of Imam Husayn and his family.[5] His body was then torn to pieces by wild dogs.[6]


Shemmrr is depicted in the passion plays during the Shia mourning remembrance of Ashura.[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Al-Husayn on 'Ashura". Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  2. ^ Daniel Politi (20 January 2013). "Why is President Obama Depicted on a Huge Billboard in Tehran?". Slate magazine. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Iran's Obama billboard: what it really means". The Guardian. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  4. ^ "تسليط الأضواء على هوية الجيش الذي قاتل الحسين؟". Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  5. ^ "الكتب - البداية والنهاية - ثم دخلت سنة ست وستين - ذكر مقتل شمر بن ذي الجوشن ، أمير السرية التي قتلت حسينا- الجزء رقم12". Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  6. ^ Malekpour, Jamshid (2 Aug 2004). The Islamic Drama. Routledge. p. 38. ISBN 978-0714684468.
  7. ^ Burke, Edmund; Yaghoubian, Nejde (2006). Struggle and Survival in the Modern Middle East. University of California Press. p. 243. ISBN 9780520246614.

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