Shaan-Gan-Ning Border Region

Shaan–Gan–Ning or in postal romanization Shen–Kan–Ning (traditional Chinese: 陝甘寧邊區; simplified Chinese: 陕甘宁边区; pinyin: Shǎn-Gān-Níng Biānqū) was a historical proto-state that was formed in 1937 by the Chinese Communist Party following the collapse of the Chinese Soviet Republic in agreement with the Kuomintang as a part of the Second United Front policy, substituting the former anti-Kuomintang Soviets. It existed until 1950.

Shaan-Gan-Ning Border Region
Border Region of China
Rump state of the Chinese Soviet Republic
Map of Shaan-Gan-Ning.svg
Map of Shaan-Gan-Ning Border Region.
CapitalYan'an (1937–47, 1948-49)
Xi'an (1949–50)
• 1937
134,500 km2 (51,900 sq mi)
• 1937
• 1937–1948
Lin Boqu
Deputy Chairman 
• 1937–1938
Zhang Guotao
• 1938–1945
Gao Zili [zh]
Historical eraChinese Civil War
• Established
6 September 1937
• Disestablished
19 January 1950
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Chinese Soviet Republic
People's Republic of China
Today part ofChina

It served as the headquarters base area[1]: 632  and was one of the two border region governments with the capital at Yan'an, named after the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Ningxia with some parts incorporated from Suiyuan province which is now part of Inner Mongolia. Later, the second region that was created was known as the Jin-Cha-Ji Border Area. It is lesser known because the name refers to the old geographic realities, which were Shanxi, Chahar, and Hebei, respectively.


  1. ^ Van Slyke, Lyman (1986). "The Chinese Communist movement during the Sino-Japanese War 1937–1945". In Fairbank, John K.; Feuerwerker, Albert (eds.). Republican China 1912–1949, Part 2. The Cambridge History of China. Vol. 13. Cambridge University Press. pp. 609–722. doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521243384.013. ISBN 9781139054805.