Saud bin Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud

Saud II al-Kabeer bin Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud (Arabic: سعود الثاني الكبير بن عبد العزيز بن محمد بن سعود‎; 1748 – 1814) ruled the First Saudi State from 1803 to 1814. During his rule, Saud annexed Mecca and Medina from the Ottoman Empire.[1]

Saud II bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud
Saud II
Abdullah ibn Saud
Diriyah, Najd, Arabia
Died1814 (aged 65–66)
Diriyah, First Saudi State
Noble familyHouse of Saud
ReligionSunni Islam


The House of Saud extended its rule beyond Najd and into the Hijaz which culminated with the capture of Makkah and Madinah. Saud's reign was a period of religious cleansing in Arabia. During his reign, attacks on shrines in Iraq continued. The new Saudis transformed the Kaaba in Mecca and destroyed the tombs of numerous religious figures in Medina in accordance with Wahhabi theology.

This religious transformation did not sit well with other Muslims, and many other Muslims found the actions to be extreme, and were stunned that the holy cities had been taken so easily. The Ottoman Empire did not want to relent control over the cities to local tribesmen. The Ottomans could not retake the cities on their own though as the bulk of their forces were tied up in Europe. Muhammad Ali, the viceroy of Egypt, was assigned to recapture the Arabian territories. One of his sons, commanding the Egyptian troops, succeeded in re-conquering Hijaz in 1812.


  1. ^ Khatab, Sayed (2011). Understanding Islamic Fundamentalism: The Theological and Ideological Basis of Al-Qa'ida's Political Tactics. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9789774164996. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
Preceded by
Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud
Imam of First Saudi State
Succeeded by
Abdullah bin Saud