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The Sangro is a river in eastern central Italy, known in ancient times as Sagrus from the Greek Sagros or Isagros, Ισαγρος.

The mouth of the Sangro
Location of the Sangro in Italy
Physical characteristics
 • locationMonte Morrone del Diavolo, elevation 1,602 m (5,256 ft), Pescasseroli
 • elevation1,441 m (4,728 ft)
MouthAdriatic Sea
 • location
Torino di Sangro
 • coordinates
42°14′10″N 14°32′33″E / 42.2361°N 14.5426°E / 42.2361; 14.5426Coordinates: 42°14′10″N 14°32′33″E / 42.2361°N 14.5426°E / 42.2361; 14.5426
Length122 km (76 mi)
Basin size1,545 km2 (597 sq mi)
 • average(at Ateleta) 9.2 m3/s (320 cu ft/s) at Ateleta; about 20 m3/s (710 cu ft/s) at the mouth

It rises in the middle of Abruzzo National Park near Pescasseroli in the Apennine Mountains. It flows southeast past Pescasseroli, Opi and Villetta Barrea and flows into the artificial lake Lago di Barrea. It then flows northeast through Alfedena, Castel di Sangro, Ateleta, Quadri, and Villa Santa Maria, before flowing into the Lago di Bomba. From there it flows northeast , it is joined by the Aventino, and thence it flows into the Adriatic Sea south of Punta Cavalluccio.

German prisoners being escorted by Indian troops after the Battle of the Sangro 1943

During World War II, the mouth of the Sangro was part of the series of German military fortifications known as the Gustav Line. The Eighth Army crossed the Sangro on 23 November 1943. This crossing was the beginning of the Allied offensive on the Winter Line defenses east of the Apennines, which petered out in mid-December having failed to secure vital cities such as Orsogna.

See alsoEdit