Saint Brelade

  (Redirected from Saint Brélade)

St. Brelade (French: Saint Brélade) is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It is around 7 kilometres (4.3 mi)[a] west of St Helier. Its population was 10,568 as of 2011.[2]

Saint Brelade
St. Brelade's coastline of promontories and bays includes Portelet and its tidal island, L'Île au Guerdain with Portelet Tower (also known as Janvrin's Tomb)
St. Brelade's coastline of promontories and bays includes Portelet and its tidal island, L'Île au Guerdain with Portelet Tower (also known as Janvrin's Tomb)
Coat of arms of Saint Brelade
Location of Saint Brelade in Jersey
Location of Saint Brelade in Jersey
Crown DependencyJersey, Channel Islands
Government
 • ConnétableMichael Jackson
Area
 • Total12.8 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 2nd
Population
 (2011)
 • Total10,568
 • Density830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneGMT
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01
Postcode district
Postcode sector
8
Websitewww.parish.gov.je/st_brelade/

The parish is the second-largest parish by surface area, covering 7,103 vergées (12.78 km2), which is 11% of the total land surface of the island and it occupies the southwestern part of the island. It is the only parish to border only one other parish, St. Peter.

The parish is largely a suburban commuter area for St Helier, with expansive low rise residential development, especially in the urban area of Les Quennevais. However, the parish also has a number of notable natural sites, such as the sand dunes of St Ouen's Bay.

HistoryEdit

Its name is derived from a 6th-century Celtic or Welsh "wandering saint" named Branwalator or St. Brelade (also Branwallder, Broladre, Brelodre, Brélade), who is said to have been the son of the Cornish king, Kenen. He is also said to have been a disciple of Samson of Dol, and worked with this churchman in Cornwall and the Channel Islands. A large section of the Jersey Railway linking La Corbière with Saint Helier ran through the parish between 1870 and 1936.

The town of St. Aubin is named for St. Aubin, Bishop of Angers in France.

The Jersey parish system has been in place for centuries. By Norman times, the parish boundaries were firmly fixed and remain largely unchanged since.[3]

In 1180 Jersey was divided by the Normans into three ministeria for administrative purposes. St. Brelade was part of Crapoudoit. Crapoudoit likely refers to the stream running through St. Peter's Valley.[3]

Towards the end of the 17th century, after the Battle of Jersey, trade with the New World from Jersey grew, as did Jersey's shipbuilding industry. Jersey has had a long tradition of shipbuilding. In 1683, the Constable of St. Brelade fined four men living near St. Aubin for cluttering up the road from their houses to Le Boulevard.

GovernanceEdit

The parish is a first-level administrative division of the Bailiwick of Jersey, a British Crown dependency. The highest official in the parish is the Connétable of St. Brealde. The incumbent office holder is Michael Jackson, who has held the office since 2005.[4] The parish administration is headquartered in the village of St. Aubin.

At present, the parish forms two electoral districts for States Assembly elections and elects three Deputies, as well as eight Senators in an islandwide constituency. The current Deputies for St. Brelade are listed below.[5] Under the proposed electoral reform, St. Brelade will form a single constituency, electing four representatives alongside its Connétable.[6]

Electoral districts and vigntaines of St. Brelade
District Vigntaines Deputy/ies
1 La Vingtaine de Noirmont

La Vingtaine du Coin

John Young
2 La Vingtaine des Quennevais

La Vingtaine de la Moye

Monty Tadier

Graham Truscott

GeographyEdit

 
An overview of Saint Brélade's Bay on a hot summer day at low tide.

St. Brelade is in the south-west of the island of Jersey, part of the Channel Islands archipelago. It is the only parish to border one other parish, St. Peter. It is located 4.7 kilometres (2.9 mi) west of St Helier. The parish has a number of popular bays, St. Brelade's Bay, Ouaisné, Portelet and parts of both St. Ouen's Bay and St. Aubin's Bay falling within the parish boundaries.

The parish is quite urbanised, with 29% of the land area being built environment. It is also the least agricultural, with only 24% of the parish dedicated to cultivation. However, 38% dedicated to the natural environment, as the parish has notable natural coastal areas.[7]

The parish's population is largely centred around three primary areas of development. The largest is the Les Quennevais built-up area, developed largely in incorporating St. Brelade's Bay. This area has a number of shops, a leisure centre and a secondary school. The other areas are the developments around Noirmont and Mont Nicolle and the town of St. Aubin, the historic centre of the parish - originally a fishing port facing St. Helier on the opposite side of St. Aubin's Bay.

Portelet Bay is found in the parish at the bottom of the Noirmont headland, between St. Brelade and St. Aubin's Bay. Long popular with tourists, the bay features a islet named Île au Guerdain (named for a local family) on which stands a Martello Tower.[citation needed] In the 1920s, the first holiday camp on Jersey opened overlooking the bay, at one point owned by Sir Billy Butlin, though the camp closed in 2000.[citation needed] The bay featured a controversy around 2010, with planning permission granted for a number of homes overlooking the bay.[8]

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19919,331—    
19969,560+2.5%
200110,134+6.0%
201110,568+4.3%

Culture and communityEdit

The traditional nickname for St. Bréladaises (inhabitants of St. Brelade) is carpéleuses (caterpillars).

In 2009 the parish won a Britain in Bloom award in the small coastal resort category.[9] Britain in Bloom awards too in 2012, 2014 & 2015.

The parish has a number of community facilities. The Sir Winston Churchill Memorial Park is located in St. Brelade's Bay and the Elephant Park is located near the Les Quennevais Precinct. There is a branch of the Jersey Library called the Les Quennevais Brach Library. It was formerly located within Les Quennevais school until that site was moved in 2020. It is now located in the Communicare Centre.[10]

 
The new large and modern Les Quennevais school, opened in 2020

Les Quennevais leisure centre in St. Brelade will be redeveloped in two phases as part of the Government's Inspiring Active Places Strategy. First will be to provision of a new skate park and a four court netball facility as well as a 3G football pitch. The Jersey indoor netball facility is current at Les Ormes (also in St. Brelade), which is being closed and redeveloped by March 2023. The target date for this phase of development is 2024. By 2032, phase 2 will be complete: the existing sports centre buildings will be demolished and replaced with parking after the construction of a new leisure centre, incorporating an eight lane 25 m swimming pool, an eight court sports hall, a permanent recreational gymnastics facility and a large fitness suite. The site will also be the new home of the Jersey Library Les Quennevais Branch.[11]

Twin townsEdit

St. Brelade is twinned with:

TransportEdit

 
The Railway Walk

There are a large number of main roads in the parish, including the western terminus of the A1 and the Five Mile Road.

The parish was formerly served by the Jersey Railway, which connected Corbière to St. Aubin then onto St. Helier along the coast. In 1871, it was proposed that the Jersey Railway, which at the time only extended to St. Aubin, should be extended to La Moye to serve the Granite quarry. The line was closed in 1936 after a fire in a station. The Germans re-utilised the track during the Occupation.[13]

The old railway track has been converted into a shared-use countryside park and pathway known as the Railway Walk. As part of the Sustainable Transport Policy, there will be a toucan crossing installed at the junction of the Walk with La Rue du Pont Marquet,[14] which is an accident black spot.[15]

LandmarksEdit

Jersey's prison is situated at La Moye, and the island's desalination plant is also sited in the parish.

St Aubin's Fort is located on an islet in St Aubin's Bay. It was built at the command of Sir Henry Cornish in 1542. It became a fort in 1643, during the English Civil War. The islet was refortified during the Occupation.[16]

 
Corbière Lighthouse

The lighthouse at La Corbière features on the Jersey £5 note (see Jersey pound) and the Jersey 20-pence piece (see coins of the Jersey pound). "La Corbière" means the place of ravens or crows. This corner of the island had a fearsome reputation amongst sailors and was the scene of many wrecks. The lighthouse was constructed in 1873, designed by Sir John Coode. A causeway connects the lighthouse to the mainland but is cut off for large parts of the day.[17]

Religious sitesEdit

 
La Chapelle ès Pêcheurs, situated alongside St. Brélade's Parish Church, contains the best-preserved examples of mediaeval art in Jersey

St. Brelade's Church is situated at the end of St. Brelade's Bay, an unusual situation being comparatively distant from historic centres of population. The small Fisherman's Chapel alongside contains mediaeval frescoes which survived the iconoclasm of the Reformation. According to folklore, the reason for the siting of the parish church is that originally the St. Bréladais intended to build the church inland, much nearer to the homes of the congregation. However les p'tits faîtchieaux (the little people) who had their temple in a nearby dolmen were disturbed by the construction of the foundations and, every night, would undo the construction work and magically transport all the tools and materials down to the shoreline. Eventually the humans gave up and built the church where the fairies had indicated.

Another church is located close to the Parish Hall in St. Aubin. St Aubin on the Hill is an Anglican church in the Parish of St. Brelade dedicated to St. Aubin of Angers. The church that stands today was built in the 19th century and is a fine example of Victorian Gothic style, with beautiful stained glass windows. When this was built the appointed minister of the Anglican church also supported the building of a local primary school just a short walk from the church. St. Brelade's School served the whole parish until it closed in 1984 and became St. Brelade's College, a school that teaches English to foreign pupils.

Notable peopleEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Measured from the church to the Royal Square

See alsoEdit

  • Jersey Folk Lore, John H. L'Amy, Jersey 1927

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "St.Brelade Homepage". Parish.gov.je. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  2. ^ Report on the 2011 Jersey Census Archived 1 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b Syvret, Marguerite (2011). Balleine's History of Jersey. The History Press. ISBN 978-1860776502.
  4. ^ "Members". statesassembly.gov.je. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  5. ^ "Results 2018". Vote.je - States of Jersey Elections. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  6. ^ https://statesassembly.gov.je/assemblypropositions/2020/p.139-2020.pdf
  7. ^ "Size and land cover of Jersey". Government of Jersey. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Minister's baffling decision". jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  9. ^ "BBC News - St Brelade wins gold in Entente Florale Europe". Bbc.co.uk. 25 September 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
  10. ^ Lewis, Kevin (30 October 2020). "Communicare Centre, Ground Floor Wing, Route des Quennevais, St. Brelade: Lease for Les Quennevais Branch Library". Government of Jersey.
  11. ^ Inspiring Active Places Strategy 2021 (PDF) (Report). Government of Jersey. 2021.
  12. ^ "Jersey Evening Post - St Brelade twins with Granville". jerseyeveningpost.com. 11 April 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Disused Stations: Corbière Station". www.disused-stations.org.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  14. ^ "Crossing on Railway Walk delay". jerseyeveningpost.com. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  15. ^ Road signs on La Rue du Pont Marquet. 13 March 2021.
  16. ^ Heritage, Jersey. "St Aubin's Fort". JerseyHeritage.org. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  17. ^ Heritage, Jersey. "La Corbière Lighthouse". JerseyHeritage.org. Retrieved 21 December 2020.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 49°11′49″N 2°11′48″W / 49.19696°N 2.19658°W / 49.19696; -2.19658