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Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation

  (Redirected from SPEC)

The Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) is an American non-profit corporation that aims to "produce, establish, maintain and endorse a standardized set" of performance benchmarks for computers.[1]

Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation
SPEC-logo reg.png
Formation1988
TypeNon-profit corporation
HeadquartersGainesville, Virginia
Membership
Hardware & Software Vendors, Universities, Research Centers
Staff
5
Websitewww.spec.org

SPEC was founded in 1988.[2][3] SPEC benchmarks are widely used to evaluate the performance of computer systems; the test results are published on the SPEC website.

SPEC evolved into an umbrella organization encompassing four diverse groups; Graphics and Workstation Performance Group (GWPG), the High Performance Group (HPG), the Open Systems Group (OSG) and the newest, the Research Group (RG).

Contents

StructureEdit

The Open Systems Group (OSG)Edit

The High-Performance Group (HPG)Edit

The Graphics and Workstation Performance Group (GWPG)Edit

SPEC Research Group (RG)Edit

MembershipEdit

Membership in SPEC is open to any interested company or entity that is willing to commit to SPEC's standards. It allows:

  • Participation in benchmark development
  • Participation in review of results
  • Complimentary software based on group participation

The list of members is available on SPEC's membership page;[1].

Membership LevelsEdit

  • Sustaining Membership requires dues payment and typically includes hardware or software companies.
  • SPEC "Associates" pay a reduced fee and typically include Universities.
  • SPEC "Supporting Contributors" are invited to participate in development of a single benchmark, and do not pay fees.

SPEC Benchmark SuitesEdit

The benchmarks aim to test "real-life" situations. There are several benchmarks testing Java scenarios, from simple computation (SPECjbb) to a full system with Java EE, database, disk, and network (SPECjEnterprise).

The SPEC CPU suites test CPU performance by measuring the run time of several programs such as the compiler GCC, the chemistry program gamess, and the weather program WRF. The various tasks are equally weighted; no attempt is made to weight them based on their perceived importance. An overall score is based on a geometric mean.

CloudEdit

CPUEdit

Current Supported Have been retired
Latest Will be retired
  • SPEC CPU2017
  • SPEC CPU2000
  • SPEC CPU95
  • SPEC CPU92

Measuring and comparing combined performance of CPU, memory and compiler.

  • SPEC CPU2006 contains two suites:
    • CINT2006 ("SPECint") - testing integer arithmetic, with programs such as compilers, interpreters, word processors, chess programs etc.
    • CFP2006 ("SPECfp") - testing floating point performance, with physical simulations, 3D graphics, image processing, computational chemistry etc.
  • SPEC CPU 2017 package contains four suites.
    • The SPECspeed 2017 Integer and SPECspeed 2017 Floating Point suites are used for comparing time for a computer to complete single tasks.
    • The SPECrate 2017 Integer and SPECrate 2017 Floating Point suites measure the throughput or work per unit of time.

HandheldEdit

Graphics and Workstation PerformanceEdit

Measuring performance of an OpenGL 3D graphics system, tested with various rendering tasks from several popluar 3D-intensive real applications on a given system.

Benchmark Suite Current Release Old Releases
SPECviewperf SPECviewperf 13
  • SPECviewperf 12
  • SPECviewperf 11
SPECwpc SPECwpc v2.1
SPECapcSM
SPECapcSM for 3ds Max™ SPECapcSM for 3ds Max™ 2015
  • SPECapc for 3ds Max™ 2011
SPECapcSM for Maya SPECapcSM for Maya 2017
  • SPECapcSM for Maya 2012
SPECapcSM for PTC Creo SPECapcSM for PTC Creo 3.0
  • SPECapcSM for PTC Creo 2.0
SPECapcSM for Siemens NX SPECapcSM for Siemens NX 9.0 and 10.0
  • SPECapcSM for Siemens NX 8.5
SPECapcSM for SolidWorks SPECapcSM for SolidWorks 2017
  • SPECapcSM for SolidWorks 2013

SPECwpcEdit

SPECapcEdit

High Performance Computing, OpenMP, MPI, OpenACC, OpenCLEdit

Benchmark Suites Current Supported Have been retired
HPC (none)
  • SPEC HPC2002
  • SPEC HPC96
OMP
  • SPEC OMP2012
  • SPEC OMP2001 V3.2
MPI
  • SPEC MPI2007
(none)
ACCEL
  • SPEC ACCEL
(none)

OMPEdit

The SPEC OMP (OpenMP) is the first one for evaluating performance based on OpenMP applications, for measuring the performance of SMP (Shared memory Multi-Processor, i.e. UMA) systems.

Java Client/ServerEdit

Benchmark Suite Current Supported Have been retired
Latest Will be retired
jAppServer jEnterprise
  • SPECjEnterprise2010
(none)
  • SPECjAppServer2004
  • SPECjAppServer2002
  • SPECjAppServer2001
JBB
  • SPECjbb2015
(none)
  • SPECjbb2013
  • SPECjbb2005
  • SPECjbb2000
JMS
  • SPECjms2007
(none) (none)
JVM
  • SPECjvm2008
(none)
  • SPECjvm98

JBBEdit

evaluates the performance of server side Java by emulating a three-tier client/server system (with emphasis on the middle tier).

jEnterpriseEdit

A multi-tier benchmark for measuring the performance of Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) technology-based application servers.

Mail ServersEdit

Current Supported Have been retired
(none)
  • SPECmail2009
  • SPECmail2008
  • SPECmail2001

StorageEdit

Current Supported Have been retired
  • SPEC SFS 2014
  • SPECsfs2008
  • SPEC SFS97_R1 (3.0)
  • SPEC SFS97 (2.0)
  • SPEC SFS93 (LADDIS)

SPEC SFS is for measuring file server throughput and response time supporting both NFS and SMB protocol access.

VirtualizationEdit

Current Supported Have been retired
  • SPEC virt_sc2010

Web ServersEdit

Current Supported Have been retired
(none)
  • SPECweb2009
  • SPECweb2005
  • SPECweb96
  • SPECweb99
  • SPECweb99_SSL

SPEC ToolsEdit

  • Server Efficiency Rating Tool (SERT). Intended to measure server efficiency, initially as part of the second generation of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ENERGY STAR for Computer Servers program.
  • PTDaemon. The SPEC PTDaemon software is used to control power analyzers in benchmarks which contain a power measurement component.

Benchmark Search ProgramEdit

  • SPEC CPUv6, The CPU Search Program seeks to encourage those outside of SPEC to assist them in locating applications that could be used in the next CPU-intensive benchmark suite, currently designated as SPEC CPUv6. Obsoleted now.

Retired Benchmarks Have No SuccessorEdit

  • SPEC SDM91
  • SPECsip_infrastructure2011 - the benchmark is still available for purchase but no additional result submissions are being accepted and support is no longer offered.

Retired Benchmarks No Longer DocumentedEdit

  • SPECapcSM for Lightwave 3D 9.6, performance evaluation software for systems running NewTek LightWave 3D v9.6 software.
  • SPEC 2001
  • SPEC CPU89

PortabilityEdit

SPEC benchmarks are written in a portable programming language (usually C, C#, Java or Fortran), and the interested parties may compile the code using whatever compiler they prefer for their platform, but may not change the code. Manufacturers have been known to optimize their compilers to improve performance of the various SPEC benchmarks. SPEC has rules that attempt to limit such optimizations.

LicensingEdit

In order to use a benchmark, a license has to be purchased from SPEC; the costs vary from test to test with a typical range from several hundred to several thousand dollars. This pay-for-license model might seem to be in violation of the GPL as the benchmarks include software such as GCC that is licensed by the GPL. However, the GPL does not require software to be distributed for free, only that recipients be allowed to redistribute any GPLed software that they receive; the license agreement for SPEC specifically exempts items that are under "licenses that require free distribution", and the files themselves are placed in a separate part of the overall software package.

CultureEdit

SPEC attempts to create an environment where arguments are settled by appeal to notions of technical credibility, representativeness, or the "level playing field". SPEC representatives are typically engineers with expertise in the areas being benchmarked. Benchmarks include "run rules", which describe the conditions of measurement and documentation requirements. Results that are published on SPEC's website undergo a peer review by members' performance engineers.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "SPEC Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved 15 March 2010.
  2. ^ "The SPEC Organization". Retrieved 15 March 2010.
  3. ^ "SPEC Membership". Retrieved 15 March 2010.
  • Kant, Krishna (1992). Introduction to Computer System Performance Evaluation. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc. pp. 16–17. ISBN 0-07-033586-9.

External linksEdit