Richard Crawford White
Richard Crawford White (April 29, 1923 – February 18, 1998) was a Democratic politician from El Paso, Texas, who served in the Texas House of Representatives from 1955 to 1959 and in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1965 to 1983.
Richard Crawford White
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Texas's 16th district
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1983
|Preceded by||Ed Foreman|
|Succeeded by||Ronald D. Coleman|
|Member of the Texas House of Representatives|
|Born||April 29, 1923|
El Paso, Texas
|Died||February 18, 1998(aged 74)|
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia|
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||(1) Katherine Huffman (married 1949-1972, her death)|
(2) Kathleen Fitzgerald (married 1973–1998, his death)
|Children||From first marriage:|
Rodrick, Richard, and Raymond
|Residence||El Paso, Texas|
|Branch/service||United States Marine Corps, 3rd Marine Division|
|Battles/wars||Pacific Theater of Operations of World War II|
Iwo Jima, Bougainville, Guam
Born in El Paso, Texas, White graduated from Dudley Primary School, El Paso High School, and the Citizens' Military Training Camp at San Antonio, Texas. Subsequently, from 1940 to 1942, he attended the University of Texas at El Paso, then known as Texas Western College.
After his second year of college, White began his World War II service from 1942 to 1945 in the United States Marine Corps as a rifleman and Japanese-English interpreter in the Pacific Theater. As a result of injuries suffered, he was awarded the Purple Heart.
Returning to Texas after the war, White received his bachelor's degree in 1946 from the University of Texas at Austin and his J.D. in 1949 from the University of Texas School of Law. He was admitted to the Texas state bar in 1949 and returned to El Paso to begin his legal career. He served two-year terms in the Texas House of Representatives, having been elected in 1954 and 1956. He was the El Paso County Democratic chairman from 1963 to 1965.
He was elected to the historic Eighty-ninth Congress as part of the national 1964 Democratic surge linked to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's crushing defeat of Republican U.S. Senator Barry M. Goldwater of Arizona. White played his part by unseating freshman Republican Ed Foreman of Odessa in the 16th Congressional District. He actually received more votes than Johnson did in the 16th District.
During his first term, White represented a monstrous district stretching from El Paso all the way to the Permian Basin—an area of over 42,000 square miles. However, after Texas' congressional map was thrown out in Wesberry v. Sanders, his district was cut down to El Paso and a few inner-ring suburbs. He was reelected eight times from this district with almost no difficulty.
As a U.S. representative, White developed a reputation as a moderate Democrat. White voted in favor the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Civil Rights Act of 1968. He also chaired the Democratic Research Organization, a group within the party that distributed information from the leadership relevant to pending votes. Having Fort Bliss in the 16th Congressional District made White a natural choice for his place on the House Armed Services Committee. There he chaired the Military Personnel Subcommittee and was also instrumental in reorganization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He also served for a while on the Interior, Post Office & Civil Service, and Science & Technology committees. Choosing not to run again in 1982, White returned to his hometown of El Paso to resume his law practice.
White was married twice. His first marriage in 1949 to Katherine Huffman produced three sons, Rodrick, Richard, and Raymond. After her death in 1972, White married the former Kathleen Fitzgerald in 1973. The second marriage produced one daughter, Bonnie, two sons, Sean and Brian, and one step-son, Kenneth.
- Communications, Emmis (May 1965). Sue Watkins, The Alcade, 1965. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
- "TO PASS H.R. 6400, THE 1965 VOTING RIGHTS ACT".
- "TO PASS H.R. 2516, A BILL TO ESTABLISH PENALTIES FOR INTERFERENCE WITH CIVIL RIGHTS. INTERFERENCE WITH A PERSON ENGAGED IN ONE OF THE 8 ACTIVITIES PROTECTED UNDER THIS BILL MUST BE RACIALLY MOTIVATED TO INCUR THE BILL'S PENALTIES".
- Hammond, Susan Webb (2001-10-10). Congressional Caucuses in National Policymaking. ISBN 9780801868177.
- United States Congress. "Richard Crawford White (id: W000390)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- "Richard Crawford White". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- Arlington National Cemetery biography
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 16th congressional district
Ronald D. Coleman