1992 Republican Party presidential primaries

The 1992 Republican presidential primaries and caucuses were a series of electoral contests taking place within all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia occurring between February 18 to June 9, 1992. Sanctioned by the Republican Party, these elections are designed to select the 2,277 delegates to send to the national convention in Houston, Texas from August 17 to August 20, 1992, who selected the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 1992 election, incumbent president George H. W. Bush. The delegates also approved the party platform and vice-presidential nominee.

1992 Republican Party presidential primaries

← 1988 February 18 to June 9, 1992 1996 →

2,209 delegates to the Republican National Convention
1,105 delegate[1] votes needed to win
  George H. W. Bush presidential portrait (cropped 2).jpg Pat Buchanan 1985 (1).jpg
Candidate George H. W. Bush Pat Buchanan
Home state Texas Virginia
Contests won 51 0
Popular vote 9,199,463 2,899,488
Percentage 72.8% 23.0%

Previous Republican nominee

George H. W. Bush

Republican nominee

George H. W. Bush

Primary race overviewEdit

President George H. W. Bush was challenged by conservative commentator Pat Buchanan, and during the early counting of the votes at the New Hampshire primary, it appeared that the President might actually lose. However, Buchanan faded by the end of the evening, and Bush won all the rest of the primaries. Bush's margins in many of the primaries were not as large as expected, and led to the rise of Ross Perot as an independent candidate.

Republican Louisiana State Representative and former Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke also ran in a number of primaries, but he did not receive any delegates. Former Governor Harold Stassen of Minnesota also made a quixotic bid for support in the Minnesota primary, winning enough votes to entitle him to one delegate, but was later denied his single vote by machinations at the Minnesota Republican Party's 1992 state convention.

New Hampshire primaryEdit

As Buchanan's candidacy relied heavily on a strong showing in the New Hampshire primary, President Bush made New Hampshire a focal point in his reelection bid. However, New Hampshire still remained a pivotal base for Buchanan's Primary campaign.

Because Bush was widely perceived to have broken his "read my lips" pledge, Buchanan found support in the economically battered and conservative state of New Hampshire. Making Bush's tax-hikes a central theme of his campaign, Buchanan enjoyed healthy grass-roots support despite lagging behind the President in pre-primary polling.

Bush countered the threat posed by Buchanan by touring New Hampshire himself. He memorably told an audience at an Exeter town hall: "Message: I care".[2] Some sources claim that this was the result of Bush mistakenly reading a cue card aloud.[3]

On Primary night, President Bush carried New Hampshire with 53% of the vote. Buchanan finished second with 38% of the vote.[4]

The rest of the raceEdit

Despite many in the Bush campaign attempting to push Buchanan out of the race, the strong showing made the Buchanan campaign hope for an outpouring of campaign contributions which galvanized the campaign into making efforts to pull out strong showings such as in the Georgia primary.

Despite an impressive showing, Buchanan's campaign never attracted serious opposition to President Bush in most contests. Most of Buchanan's "victories" were larger-than-expected showings that were still considered landslide Bush wins by most in the media. Still, the fact that Buchanan received more than two million votes nationwide prognosticated trouble for Bush in the general election.

CandidatesEdit

NomineeEdit

Primary candidatesEdit

Campaign financeEdit

Candidate Campaign committee
Raised Total contrib. Ind. contrib. Pres. pub. funds Spent
George H. W. Bush[a][5] $104,974,415.00 $31,802,276.00 $31,711,102.00 $65,898,513.00 $107,637,852.00
Pat Buchanan[6] $14,933,082.00 $7,232,943.00 $7,206,793.00 $5,351,770.00 $14,591,679.00
David Duke[7] $372,146.00 $221,854.00 $221,945.00 $0.00 $457,449.00
Jack Fellure[8] $46,748.00 $1,260.00 $1,425.00 $0.00 $47,559.00

ResultsEdit

Date[9][10] State/territory Calculated delegates[11] Type Popular vote or equivalent Estimated delegates
George H. W. Bush Pat Buchanan Other George H. W. Bush 1992 presidential campaign Pat Buchanan 1992 presidential campaign Other
P P P P
Feb 10 Iowa 0 Caucus No preference poll taken due to cancellation.[12] Non-binding caucus with no delegates allocated.
Feb 18 New Hampshire 23 Primary 92,271 (53.20%) 65,106 (37.54%) 3,779 (2.34%)[13] 14 9 0
Feb 19 South Dakota 22 Primary 30,964 (69.32%) (Not on ballot) 13,707 (30.68%)[b][14] 14 0 5[c][15]
Mar 3 Colorado 37 Primary 132,049 (68.16%) 58,730 (30.31%) 2,957 (1.53%)[16] 26 11 0[16]
Maryland 42 Primary 168,898 (69.91%) 72,701 (30.09%) 0 (0.00%)[16] 42 0 0[16]
Georgia 52 Primary 291,905 (64.30%) 162,085 (35.70%) 0 (0.00%)[17] 52 0 0[16]
Mar 7 South Carolina 36[18] Primary 99,558 (66.89%) 38,247 (25.70%) 11,035 (7.41%)[19] 36 0 0
Mar 10 Florida 99 Primary 607,522 285,074 0 67 32 0
Louisiana 41 Primary 83,747 36,526 14,841 25 11 5
Massachusetts 40 Primary 176,868 74,797 24,182 28 12 0
Mississippi 34 Primary 111,794 25,891 17,023 25 6 4
Oklahoma 38 Primary 151,612 57,933 8,176 27 11 0
Rhode Island 16 Primary 9,853 4,967 816 11 5 0
Tennessee 49 Primary 178,216 54,585 12,849 38 11 0
Texas 124 Primary 556,280 190,572 50,294 92 32 0
Mar 17 Illinois 88 Primary 634,588 186,915 9,637 68 20 0
Michigan 74 Primary 301,948 112,122 35,063 54 20 0
Mar 24 Connecticut 38 Primary 66,356 21,815 11,475 29 9 0
Apr 5 Puerto Rico 20 Primary 260,200 1,031 2,104 20 0 0
Apr 7 Kansas 31 Primary 132,131 31,494 49,571 21 5 0
Minnesota 34 Primary 84,841 32,094 15,821 25 9 0
New York 103 N/A 1 0 0 103 0 0
Wisconsin 37 Primary 364,507 78,516 39,225 30 7 0
Apr 28 Pennsylvania 92 Primary 774,865 233,912 0 71 21 0
May 5 District of Columbia 13 Primary 4,265 970 0 11 2 0
Delaware 20 Caucus 1 0 0 20 0 0
Indiana 52 Primary 374,666 92,949 0 42 10 0
North Carolina 59 Primary 200,387 55,420 27,764 46 13 0
May 10 Montana 20 Primary 65,176 10,701 15,098 14 2 3
May 12 Nebraska 27 Primary 156,346 25,847 9,905 23 4 0
West Virginia 19 Primary 99,994 18,067 6,096 16 3 0
May 19 Oregon 25 Primary 203,957 57,730 42,472 17 5 3
Washington 37 Primary 86,839 13,273 29,543 25 4 8
May 26 Arkansas 31 Primary 45,590 6,551 2,742 27 4 0
Idaho 23 Primary 73,297 15,167 27,038 15 3 5
Kentucky 38 Primary 75,371 0 25,748 28 0 10
Jun 2 Alabama 41 Primary 122,703 12,588 29,830 33 0 8
California 203 Primary 1,587,369 568,892 0 149 54 0
New Jersey 63 Primary 240,535 46,432 0 53 10 0
New Mexico 27 Primary 55,522 7,871 23,574 19 0 8
North Dakota 20 Primary 39,863 0 7,945 17 0 3
Ohio 85 Primary 716,766 143,687 0 71 14 0
Date State/territory P Type Bush Buchanan Other P P P
Calculated delegates Popular vote or equivalent Bush delegates Buchanan delegates Other delegates

StatewideEdit

1992 Republican primary and caucus results
George Bush Pat Buchanan Unpledged David Duke Ross Perot Pat Paulsen Maurice Horton Harold Stassen Jack Fellure
February 18 New Hampshire 53.20% 37.54% - - - 0.35% - 0.12% 0.02%
February 25 South Dakota 69.32% - 30.68% - - - - - -
March 3 Colorado 67.51% 30.03% - - - - - - -
March 3 Georgia 64.30% 35.70% - - - - - - -
March 3 Maryland 70.15% 29.85% - - - - - - -
March 7 South Carolina 66.89% 25.70% - 7.09% - - - - -
March 10 Florida 68.06% 31.94% - - - - - - -
March 10 Louisiana 61.98% 27.03% - 8.85% - 0.88% - - -
March 10 Massachusetts 65.58% 27.73% 3.76% 2.06% - - - - -
March 10 Mississippi 72.26% 16.74% - 10.62% - - - - -
March 10 Oklahoma 69.64% 26.61% - 2.61% - - - - -
March 10 Rhode Island 63.02% 31.77% 2.84% 2.09% - - - - -
March 10 Tennessee 72.55% 22.22% 2.04% 3.14% - - - - -
March 10 Texas 69.78% 23.91% 3.51% 2.54% - - - - -
March 17 Illinois 76.35% 22.49% - - - - 1.16% - -
March 17 Michigan 67.23% 24.96% 5.30% 2.38% - - - - -
March 24 Connecticut 66.71% 21.93% 9.06% 2.31% - - - - -
April 7 Kansas 61.98% 14.77% 16.63% 1.80% - 2.40% - - -
April 7 Minnesota 63.91% 24.18% 3.08% - 2.68% - - 3.07% -
April 7 Wisconsin 75.59% 16.28% 1.81% 2.67% - - - 0.79% -
April 28 Pennsylvania 76.71% 23.16% - - 0.14% - - - -
May 5 D.C. 81.47% 18.53% - - - - - - -
May 5 Delaware ?% ?% - - - - - - -
May 5 Indiana 80.12% 19.88% - - - - - - -
May 5 North Carolina 70.67% 19.54% 9.79% - - - - - -
May 10 Montana 71.64% 11.76% 16.60% - - - - - -
May 12 Nebraska 81.39% 13.46% - 1.46% - - - - -
May 12 West Virginia 80.54% 14.55% - - - - - - 4.91%
May 19 Washington 66.98% 10.24% - 1.16% 19.61% - - - -
May 19 Oregon 67.06% 18.98% - 2.19% - - - - -
May 26 Idaho 63.46% 13.13% 23.41% - - - - - -
May 26 Kentucky 74.54% - 25.46% - - - - - -
May 27 Arkansas 83.08% 11.94% 4.98% - - - - - -
June 2 Alabama 74.31% 7.62% 18.07% - - - - - -
June 2 California 73.62% 26.38% - - - - - - -
June 2 Ohio 83.30% 16.70% - - - - - - -
June 2 New Jersey 77.52% 14.97% - - 7.51% - - - -
June 2 New Mexico 63.84% 9.05% 27.11% - - - - - -
June 9 North Dakota 83.38% - - - 8.06% 8.56% - - -

NationwideEdit

Popular vote result:[20]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Including general election
  2. ^ All votes for uncommitted delegates
  3. ^ All 5 delegates uncommitted

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Race for the nomination". Chicago Tribune. 11 March 1992. Archived from the original on 21 May 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ Dowd, Maureen (16 January 1992). "THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: REPUBLICANS; Immersing Himself in Nitty-Gritty, Bush Barnstorms New Hampshire". The New York Times.
  3. ^ NG Archived 2012-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Past New Hampshire Primary Election Results".
  5. ^ "STASSEN, HAROLD E."
  6. ^ "BUCHANAN, PATRICK J."
  7. ^ "DUKE, DAVID E."
  8. ^ "FELLURE, LOWELL JACKSON".
  9. ^ https://www.newspapers.com/clip/31773163/chicago_tribune/
  10. ^ "1992 Presidential Primary Calendar".
  11. ^ "Election calendar at a glance". The Times Leader. 14 February 1992. Archived from the original on 21 May 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ "THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Iowa; HARKIN DOMINATES STATE'S CAUCUSES". The New York Times. 11 February 1992. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ "1992 New Hampshire Republican primary results". Archived from the original on 2017-12-13.
  14. ^ "1992 South Dakota Republican primary results". Archived from the original on 2019-05-14.
  15. ^ "Primary notes Delegate numbers set for parties". Argus-Leader. 26 February 1992. p. 3. Archived from the original on 21 May 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ a b c d e "Republican primaries March 3". Hartford Courant. 5 March 1992. p. 6. Archived from the original on 21 May 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "1992 Georgia Republican primary full results".
  18. ^ "South Carolina Republican delegate count". Arizona Republic. 8 March 1992. p. 6. Archived from the original on 21 May 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  19. ^ "1992 South Carolina Republican primary full results".
  20. ^ Our Campaigns - US President - R Primaries Race - Feb 01, 1992