Regionalliga Südwest (1963–1974)
The Regionalliga Südwest was the second-highest level of the German football league system in the southwest of Germany from 1963 until the formation of the 2. Bundesliga in 1974. It covered the states of Saarland and Rheinland-Pfalz.
|Folded||1974 (11 seasons)|
|Replaced by||2. Bundesliga Süd|
|Level on pyramid||Level 2|
|Last champions||Borussia Neunkirchen |
Along with the Regionalliga Südwest went another four Regionalligas, these five formed the second tier of German football until 1974:
- Regionalliga Nord, covering the states of Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein, Bremen and Hamburg
- Regionalliga West, covering the state of Nordrhein-Westfalen
- Regionalliga Berlin, covering West-Berlin
- Regionalliga Süd, covering the states of Bayern, Hessen and Baden-Württemberg
The new Regionalligas were formed along the borders of the old post-World War II Oberligas, not after a balanced regional system. Therefore the Oberligas Berlin and West covered small but populous areas while Nord and Süd covered large areas. Südwest was something of an anachronism, neither large nor populous. It was basically a remainder of the former French occupation zone.
Originally only the winners, later also runners-up of this league were admitted to the promotion play-off to the new Bundesliga, which was staged in two groups of originally four, later five teams each with the winner of each group going up.
The bottom three teams were relegated to the Amateurligas. Below the Regionalliga Südwest were the following Amateurligas:
Disbanding of the Regionalliga SüdwestEdit
The league was dissolved in 1974. According to their performance of the last couple of seasons, seven clubs of the Regionalliga went to the new 2. Bundesliga Süd. The nine remaining clubs were relegated to the Amateurligas.
The teams admitted to the 2. Bundesliga Süd were:
- Borussia Neunkirchen
- 1. FC Saarbrücken
- FC Homburg
- SV Röchling Völklingen
- FSV Mainz 05
- VfR Wormatia Worms
- FK Pirmasens
Qualifying to the 2. BundesligaEdit
From the Regionalliga Südwest, seven clubs qualified for the new 2. Bundesliga Süd, together with 13 teams from the Süd region.
The qualifying modus saw the last five seasons counted, whereby the last placed team in each season received one point, the second-last two points and so on. For a Bundesliga season within this five-year period, a club received 25 points, for an Amateurliga season none.
For the seasons 1969–70 and 1970–71, the received points counted single, for the 1971–72 and 1972–73 season double and for the 1973–74 season three times.
To be considered in the points table for the new league, a club had to play either in the Regionalliga Südwest in 1973-74 or to have been relegated from the Bundesliga to it for the next season, something which did not apply to the league that year.
The bottom three clubs in the league, nominally the relegated teams in a normal season, were barred from entry to the 2. Bundesliga, regardless of where they stood in the points ranking.
|Rank||Club||Points 1969-74||Place in 1973-74|
|2||SV Röchling Völklingen||110||4|
|3||FSV Mainz 05||109||5|
|5||SV Alsenborn 1||95||10|
|6||FC 08 Homburg||90||3|
|7||VfR Wormatia Worms||90||6|
|8||1. FC Saarbrücken||87||2|
|13||Eintracht Bad Kreuznach||30||7|
- Source: DSFS Liga-Chronik (in German), page: C4, accessed: 18 March 2009
- Bold teams are promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga.
- 1 SV Alsenborn was denied the 2nd Bundesliga licence.
Re-creation of the RegionalligaEdit
In 1994, the Regionalligas were reintroduced, this time as the third tier of German Football. The teams from the southwest were however integrated into the new Regionalliga West/Südwest with the clubs from Nordrhein-Westfalen. In 2000, when the number of Regionalligas was reduced from four to two, the south western clubs moved to the Regionalliga Süd. In 2008, with the introduction of the 3. Liga the southwestern clubs will again move, into the new Regionalliga West and again be with the teams from Nordrhein-Westfalen.
Winners and runners-up of the Regionalliga SüdwestEdit
The winners and runners-up of the league were:
|1963–64||Borussia Neunkirchen||FK Pirmasens|
|1964–65||1. FC Saarbrücken||VfR Wormatia Worms|
|1965–66||FK Pirmasens||1. FC Saarbrücken|
|1966–67||Borussia Neunkirchen||1. FC Saarbrücken|
|1967–68||SV Alsenborn||TuS Neuendorf|
|1968–69||SV Alsenborn||TuS Neuendorf|
|1969–70||SV Alsenborn||FK Pirmasens|
|1970–71||Borussia Neunkirchen||FK Pirmasens|
|1971–72||Borussia Neunkirchen||SV Röchling Völklingen|
|1972–73||FSV Mainz 05||SV Röchling Völklingen|
|1973–74||Borussia Neunkirchen||1. FC Saarbrücken|
- Bold denotes team went on to gain promotion to the Bundesliga.
- The Borussia Neunkirchen holds the record for league wins in any of the five Regionalligas, having one Südwest five times.
- The 1. FC Saarbrücken is the only southwest team to have won the old (1965) and new (1996) Regionalliga.
Placings in the Regionalliga Südwest 1963 to 1974Edit
The league placings from 1963 to 1974:
Source:"Regionalliga Südwest". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
|Blank||Played at a league level below this league|
- 1 TuRa Ludwigshafen merged with Phönix Ludwigshafen in 1964 to form Südwest Ludwigshafen.
The league records:
|Highest win||11–0||SV Alsenborn 11 – 0 Saar 05 Saarbrücken (20 December 1970)1. FC Saarbrücken 11 – 0 BSC Oppau (14 November 1965)|
|Most goals in a game||14||SV Alsenborn 6 – 8 FC Homburg (19 November 1972)|
|Season with most goals||1,386 (3,65 per game)||1963–64 |
|Round with most goals||45 (5,63 per game)||Round 16, 1972–73 |
The best and worst teams in the all-time table of the league from 1963 to 1974:
|2||1. FSV Mainz 05||11||342||164||63||115||666||521||391|
|3||1. FC Saarbrücken||10||304||159||63||82||622||357||381|
- Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik seit 1945 - History of German league football since 1945 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 2006, page: C3 + C4
- "Kicker Almanach" The Football Yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the kicker Sports Magazine
- Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv (in German) Historical German domestic league tables
- "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) .:. Statistik .:. Die höchsten Siege" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) .:. Statistik .:. Die torreichsten Spiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) » Statistik » Tore pro Saison" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) » Statistik » Tore pro Spielrunde" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) » Ewige Tabelle" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (in German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
- kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
- Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (in German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll
- Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (in German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006