Regiment of the Crown (France)

  (Redirected from Régiment de La Couronne)

The Régiment de La Couronne (Regiment of the Crown) was an infantry regiment of the Kingdom of France, created in 1643.

Régiment de La Couronne
Rég de La Couronne 1673.png
Ordnance Colors of the Régiment Royal des Vaisseaux
Active1643–1795
CountryFrance
AllegianceRoyal Standard of the King of France.svgKingdom of France
TypeRegiment
RoleLine Infantry

LineageEdit

  • 1643 : creation of the Régiment de La Reine-Mère (Regiment of the Queen Mother)
  • 1666 : renamed Régiment de Genlis
  • 1666 : renamed Régiment d’Artois
  • 1673 : named Régiment de La Couronne (Regiment of the Crown)
  • January 1, 1791 : renamed the 45th Line Infantry Regiment
  • December 3, 1794 : the 1st Battalion was incorporated into the 89th Battle Demi-Brigade (French: 89e demi-brigade de bataille) when that demi-brigade formed.
  • 1795 : the 2nd Battalion was incorporated into the 86th Battle Demi-Brigade (French: 90e demi-brigade de bataille) when it formed.

EquipmentEdit

Regimental ColorsEdit

During the Siege of Maastricht (1673), the Régiment d’Artois was renamed La Couronne (The Crown) as a reward for valor, and awarded new regimental arms, a white cross on an azure background with the motto Dedit hanc Mastrika coronam "Maastricht [lui] a valu cette couronne" (Maastricht won this crown).

9 regimental colors out of which one "white", Colonel and eight for ordinance, "all blue with the French Crown in gold in the middle of each white cross".[1]

UniformEdit

HistoryEdit

Colonels and mestres de campEdit

  • June 25, 1643: François-Marie de l’Hôpital, Duke of Vitry, Colonel
  • June 7, 1757: N. Bruslard, Marquis de Genlis
  • June 1673: N. Bruslard, Marquis de Gelis-Bethancourt
  • September 1675: N. Bruslard, Marquis de Genlis
  • March 12, 1677: Hardouin Bruslard, Chevalier de Genlis
  • March 30, 1693: N. de Prunier, Marquis de Saint-André
  • July 26, 1698: Louis, Marquis de Polastron
  • May 11, 1707: René-François de Froulay, Chevalier de Tessé
  • February 17, 1712: Jean François Gabriel, Count of Polastron
  • March 10, 1734: Armand Louis de Béthune, Marquis de Charost, killed in 1735 near Trèves
  • November 11, 1735: Louis-Ferdinand-Joseph de Croi, Duke of Havré, Colonel-lieutenant
  • Mars 14 1758: Marie-Alexandre-Léonor-Louis-César de Saint-Mauris, Count of Montbarrey
  • November 30, 1761: Pierre-Constantin Le Vicomte, Count of Blangy
  • June 22, 1767: Claude-Antoine de Béziade, Marquis d’Avaray
  • November 11, 1782: Marie-Gabriel-Florent-Auguste, Count of Choiseul-Gouffier
  • January 1, 1784: Augustin-Louis-Charles, Marquis de Lameth
  • October 21, 1791: Joseph-Marie-Anne de Moyria
  • March 8, 1793: François Goulu

Campaign and battlesEdit

Régiment de La Couronne
  • 45th Line Infantry Regiment

The 45th Line Infantry Regiment participated in the 1792-1793 campaign with the Army of the North (France),[3] and in 1794 with the Army of Sambre and Meuse (French: armée de Sambre-et-Meuse).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cinquième abrégé général du militaire de France, sur terre et sur mer, Lemau de la Jaisse, Paris, 1739
  2. ^ [[#CITEREF|]], p. 196.
  3. ^ French: armée du Nord

Sources and bibliographiesEdit

  • Jean Churchill de Marlborough, Histoire de Jean Churchill, duc de Marlborough, vol. 1, Jean Imprimerie Impériale (Paris), 1808, 409 p. (lire en ligne [archive]).
  • Oscar, vicomte de Poli, Le Régiment de La Couronne : (1643-1791), Paris, Conseil héraldique de France, 1891, 370 p.