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Quintus Lutatius Catulus (Capitolinus)

Quintus Lutatius Catulus (c. 120–61/60 BC), sometimes called "Capitolinus" for his defence of the capital in 77 BC, was a politician in the late Roman Republic. His father was the like-named Quintus Lutatius Catulus (149-87 BC), consul in 102 BC.

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BiographyEdit

Catulus inherited his father's hatred of the leading statesman and general Marius, and was a consistent though moderate supporter of the aristocracy. During Sulla's proscription, Catulus avenged the death of his father with the assistance of Catiline, who tortured and killed Marcus Marius Gratidianus at the tomb of the senior Catulus.[1]

In 78 BC, he was consul with Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (120-77 BC), who after the death of Sulla proposed the overthrow of his constitution, the re-establishment of the distribution of grain, the recall of the banished, and other measures in the populares spirit. Catulus vigorously opposed this, and a temporary compromise was effected.

But Lepidus, having levied troops in his province of Transalpine Gaul, returned to Rome at the head of an army. Catulus defeated him at the Milvian bridge and near Cosa in Etruria, and Lepidus made his escape to Sardinia, where he died soon afterwards. In 67 and 66 Catulus unsuccessfully opposed, as prejudicial to constitutional freedom, the Gabinian and Manilian laws, which conferred special powers upon Pompey. He consistently opposed Julius Caesar, whom he endeavoured to implicate in the Catilinarian conspiracy. Caesar, in return, accused him of embezzling public money during the reconstruction of the temple on the Capitol, and proposed to obliterate his name from the inscription and deprive him of the office of commissioner for its restoration. Catulus' supporters rallied round him, and Caesar dropped the charge. Later Caesar took his revenge on Catulus by defeating him in the election to the religious office of Pontifex Maximus in 63 BC.

Catulus held the office of censor, but soon resigned, being unable to agree with his colleague Crassus. Although not a man of great abilities, Catulus exercised considerable influence through his political consistency and his undoubted solicitude for the welfare of the state.

Catulus's great-grandson was emperor Galba, and Suetonius claims that the latter was extremely proud of his ancestry: "Nero was succeeded by Galba, who was related in no degree to the house of the Caesars, although unquestionably of noble origin and of an old and powerful family; for he always added to the inscriptions on his statues that he was the great-grandson of Quintus Catulus Capitolinus."[2]

Preceded by
Appius Claudius Pulcher and Publius Servilius Vatia
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
78 BC
Succeeded by
Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus and Decimus Junius Brutus

SourcesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Catulus" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 545.

See alsoEdit

  • Tabularium, built by Catulus and Lepidus in 78 BC.