Qabus nama or Qabus nameh (variations: Qabusnamah, Qabousnameh, Ghabousnameh, or Ghaboosnameh, in Persian: کاووس نامه یا قابوس نامه, book of Kavus), Mirror of Princes, is a major work of Persian literature, from the eleventh century (c. 1080 AD).
The belles-lettres was written in 44 chapters and outlines princely education, manners, and conduct in ethical didactic prose.
Extant original copiesEdit
- The oldest copy, dated 1349, belongs to the library of Malik National Museum of Iran in Tehran.
- One of the earliest remaining copies of this work is one dating from 1450, translated into Turkish by Marjumak Ahmad ibn Ilias on the orders of the Ottoman Sultan Murad II. It is kept in the Fatih Library of Istanbul.
- The British Museum keeps a copy of an early Turkish translation, dated 1456.
- Another copy, dated 1474, exists in the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris.
- An excellent copy is kept at the Leiden University library.
The Turkish version was then translated into German by Heinrich Friedrich von Diez as Buch des Kabus in 1811, and a source of inspiration for Goethe's West-östlicher Diwan as he was in contact with von Diez.
The text was translated directly from Persian into English by Reuben Levy with the title: A Mirror for Princes in 1951. French, Japanese, Russian, and Arabic language translations also followed.