Pyatnitskoye Cemetery

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The Pyatnitskoye cemetery is one of the graveyards in the Russian capital Moscow.[1] It is among the oldest and largest resting places in the city.

Pyatnitskoye cemetery
Moscow, Pyatnitskaya 31, Trinity Church.jpg
Trinity Church in the cemetery
Details
Established1771
Location
CountryRussia
Coordinates55°47′59″N 37°38′36″E / 55.79972°N 37.64333°E / 55.79972; 37.64333Coordinates: 55°47′59″N 37°38′36″E / 55.79972°N 37.64333°E / 55.79972; 37.64333
Owned byState
Size14.1 hectares

History and nameEdit

The Pyatnitskoye cemetery was established during the plague epidemic in 1771.[2] However, systematic archive for burial register was started in 1940.[2] It was named after the chapel, Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Church (Trinity Church), located in the western part of the cemetery.[2]

Architect and designEdit

The temple in the cemetery was built by the architect A. Grigorieva in the period between 1830 and 1835.[2] The building was designed in the Russian Empire style and decorated with a six-Tuscan portico.[2] The temple has two chapels; Paraskeva and St. Sergius of Radonezh.[2] Also in the cemetery there is the church of Persian Simon, built in the years between 1916 and 1917.[2] This feature of the cemetery, namely being attached to churches, reflects the tradition of the historical Russian resting places.[3]

Location and sizeEdit

The cemetery is on the northern part of Moscow.[2] Specifically it is located in the Dzerhzhinsky district and on Droboliteiny pereulok street,[4] lying on the side of Pyatnitskoye Highway.[5]

The area of the graveyard is about 14.1 hectares, consisting of 30 plots.[2]

BurialsEdit

Various leading figures buried in the cemetery include Valentin Pavlov,[6] and Victor Nikitin.[2] However, during the Soviet era the graveyard was not one of the resting places preferred for the communist elites.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Alison Smile (31 August 1985). "Caring for graveyards a part of Russian life". Lawrence Journal. Moscow. AP. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Mosritual". Pyatnitskoye cemetery. Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2013.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  3. ^ "Cemetery". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  4. ^ Maurice Paléologue (1923). Распутин. SP Books. p. 297. ISBN 978-5-7110-0047-1. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  5. ^ "We want the market to understand us". Highriser. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  6. ^ "Financial reforms in 1991 drove USSR into the grave". Pravda. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  7. ^ Katya Vladimirov (Summer 2008). "Dead Men Walking: Soviet Elite Cemeteries and Social Control". Forum on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table. Retrieved 12 September 2013.  – via Questia (subscription required)